carr-20231231
FALSE2023FY0001783180http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherAssetsCurrent http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherAssetsNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherAssetsCurrent http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherAssetsNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#AccruedLiabilitiesCurrent http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#AccruedLiabilitiesCurrent http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#AccruedLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#AccruedLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#AccruedLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#AccruedLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#AccruedLiabilitiesCurrent http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#AccruedLiabilitiesCurrent http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrent00017831802023-01-012023-12-3100017831802023-06-30iso4217:USD00017831802024-01-31xbrli:shares0001783180us-gaap:ProductMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:ProductMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:ProductMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:ServiceMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:ServiceMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:ServiceMember2021-01-012021-12-3100017831802022-01-012022-12-3100017831802021-01-012021-12-31iso4217:USDxbrli:shares00017831802023-12-3100017831802022-12-310001783180us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-12-310001783180us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-12-310001783180us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2020-12-310001783180us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-12-310001783180us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-12-310001783180us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2020-12-3100017831802020-12-310001783180us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-12-310001783180us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-12-310001783180us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2021-12-310001783180us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-12-310001783180us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-12-310001783180us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-12-3100017831802021-12-310001783180us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2023-12-31carr:segment0001783180us-gaap:SubsequentEventMembercarr:VCSBusinessMember2024-01-022024-01-020001783180carr:AccessSolutionsMemberus-gaap:DisposalGroupHeldforsaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember2023-12-070001783180us-gaap:DisposalGroupHeldforsaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMembercarr:CommercialRefrigerationBusinessMember2023-12-120001783180carr:ToshibaCorporationMembercarr:ToshibaCarrierCorporationMembercarr:ToshibaCarrierCorporationMember2022-08-01xbrli:pure0001783180carr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMembercarr:ChubbFireAndSecurityMemberus-gaap:DisposalGroupDisposedOfBySaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember2021-07-26carr:country0001783180carr:ChubbFireAndSecurityMemberus-gaap:DisposalGroupDisposedOfBySaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember2022-01-030001783180carr:ChubbFireAndSecurityMemberus-gaap:DisposalGroupDisposedOfBySaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember2022-01-012022-12-3100017831802020-04-032020-04-0300017831802020-02-2700017831802020-03-272020-03-2700017831802020-04-012020-04-020001783180us-gaap:SpinoffMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMembersrt:MinimumMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMembersrt:MaximumMember2023-12-310001783180srt:MinimumMembercarr:PatentsAndTrademarksMember2023-12-310001783180srt:MaximumMembercarr:PatentsAndTrademarksMember2023-12-310001783180srt:MinimumMembercarr:MonitoringLinesMember2023-12-310001783180srt:MaximumMembercarr:MonitoringLinesMember2023-12-310001783180srt:MinimumMembercarr:ServicePortfoliosAndOtherMember2023-12-310001783180srt:MaximumMembercarr:ServicePortfoliosAndOtherMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:LandMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:LandMember2022-12-310001783180srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember2023-12-310001783180srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember2022-12-310001783180srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2023-12-310001783180srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2022-12-310001783180carr:RentalAssetsMembersrt:MinimumMember2023-12-310001783180carr:RentalAssetsMembersrt:MaximumMember2023-12-310001783180carr:RentalAssetsMember2023-12-310001783180carr:RentalAssetsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:PropertyPlantAndEquipmentOtherTypesMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:PropertyPlantAndEquipmentOtherTypesMember2022-12-310001783180carr:HVACSegmentMember2021-12-310001783180carr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2021-12-310001783180carr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMember2021-12-310001783180carr:HVACSegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180carr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180carr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180carr:HVACSegmentMember2022-12-310001783180carr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2022-12-310001783180carr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMember2022-12-310001783180carr:HVACSegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180carr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180carr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180carr:HVACSegmentMember2023-12-310001783180carr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2023-12-310001783180carr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2022-12-310001783180carr:PatentsAndTrademarksMember2023-12-310001783180carr:PatentsAndTrademarksMember2022-12-310001783180carr:ServicePortfoliosAndOtherMember2023-12-310001783180carr:ServicePortfoliosAndOtherMember2022-12-310001783180carr:TrademarksAndOtherMember2023-12-310001783180carr:TrademarksAndOtherMember2022-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes2242Due2025Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes2242Due2025Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes4375Due2025Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes4375Due2025Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes5800Due2025Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes5800Due2025Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes2493Due2027Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes2493Due2027Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes4125Due2028Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes4125Due2028Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMembercarr:SeniorNotes2722Due2030Member2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMembercarr:SeniorNotes2722Due2030Member2022-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes2700Due2031Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes2700Due2031Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMembercarr:SeniorNotes4500Due2032Member2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMembercarr:SeniorNotes4500Due2032Member2022-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes5900Due2034Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes5900Due2034Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes3377Due2040Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes3377Due2040Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes3577Due2050Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes3577Due2050Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes6200Due2054Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes6200Due2054Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-12-310001783180carr:TermLoanFacilityMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001783180carr:TermLoanFacilityMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-12-310001783180carr:OtherDebtMember2023-12-310001783180carr:OtherDebtMember2022-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotesIssuedNovember2023Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-11-300001783180carr:SeniorNotes5800Due2025Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-11-300001783180carr:SeniorNotes5900Due2034Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-11-300001783180carr:SeniorNotes6200Due2054Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-11-300001783180us-gaap:SeniorNotesMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-11-30iso4217:EUR0001783180carr:SeniorNotes4375Due2025Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-11-300001783180carr:SeniorNotes4125Due2028Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-11-300001783180us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMembercarr:SeniorNotes4500Due2032Member2023-11-300001783180carr:TermLoanMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-11-300001783180carr:TermLoanFacilityMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-07-152022-07-150001783180carr:TermLoanFacilityMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-07-15iso4217:JPY0001783180carr:TermLoanFacilityMembercarr:TokyoTermRiskFreeRateMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-07-152022-07-150001783180carr:TermLoanFacilityMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-07-252022-07-250001783180us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2023-05-190001783180carr:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2023-05-192023-05-190001783180us-gaap:LineOfCreditMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:CommercialPaperMemberus-gaap:LineOfCreditMember2023-12-310001783180carr:ProjectFinancingArrangementsMembercarr:OtherDebtMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180carr:ProjectFinancingArrangementsMembercarr:OtherDebtMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180carr:SeniorNotes2242Due2025AndSeniorNotes2493Due2027Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-03-150001783180carr:SeniorNotes2242Due2025Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-03-150001783180carr:SeniorNotes2493Due2027Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-03-150001783180carr:SeniorNotes2242Due2025AndSeniorNotes2493Due2027Memberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180srt:WeightedAverageMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMembercarr:VCSBusinessMember2023-04-250001783180us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMembercarr:VCSBusinessMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMembercarr:VCSBusinessMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMembercarr:VCSBusinessMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2021-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetPriorServiceCostCreditMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetUnamortizedGainLossMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetPriorServiceCostCreditMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetUnamortizedGainLossMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetPriorServiceCostCreditMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentNetUnamortizedGainLossMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMembercarr:DefinedBenefitPlanGrowthSeekingAssetsMember2023-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanIncomeGeneratingAndHedgingAssetsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquitiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquitiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquitiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquitiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquityFundsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Membercarr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesGovernmentsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesGovernmentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercarr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesGovernmentsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesGovernmentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesGovernmentsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMembercarr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesCorporateBondsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMembercarr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesCorporateBondsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMembercarr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesCorporateBondsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMembercarr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesCorporateBondsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:OtherInvestmentsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:OtherInvestmentsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:OtherInvestmentsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:OtherInvestmentsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanAssetsExcludingOtherAssetsAndLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:OtherAssetsAndLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2023-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquitiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquitiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquitiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquitiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquityFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesGlobalEquityFundsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Membercarr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesGovernmentsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180carr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesGovernmentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Membercarr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesGovernmentsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180carr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesGovernmentsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180carr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesGovernmentsMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMembercarr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesCorporateBondsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMembercarr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesCorporateBondsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMembercarr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesCorporateBondsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMembercarr:FixedIncomeSecuritiesCorporateBondsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanRealEstateMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:OtherInvestmentsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:OtherInvestmentsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:OtherInvestmentsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:OtherInvestmentsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMemberus-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanCashAndCashEquivalentsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180carr:DefinedBenefitPlanAssetsExcludingOtherAssetsAndLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180carr:OtherAssetsAndLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember2022-12-310001783180carr:OtherFundsMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180carr:OtherFundsMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180carr:EmployeeSavingsPlanMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180carr:EmployeeSavingsPlanMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180carr:EmployeeSavingsPlanMember2021-01-012021-12-3100017831802021-02-2800017831802021-02-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2020-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2020-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2020-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2021-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2021-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2021-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:AccumulatedGainLossNetCashFlowHedgeParentMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberus-gaap:ProductMembercarr:HVACSegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberus-gaap:ProductMembercarr:HVACSegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberus-gaap:ProductMembercarr:HVACSegmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:HVACSegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:HVACSegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:HVACSegmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:HVACSegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:HVACSegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:HVACSegmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberus-gaap:ProductMembercarr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberus-gaap:ProductMembercarr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberus-gaap:ProductMembercarr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMemberus-gaap:ProductMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMemberus-gaap:ProductMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMemberus-gaap:ProductMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:ServiceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2021-01-012021-12-3100017831802024-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180carr:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementStockOptionsAndStockAppreciationRightsMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180carr:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementStockOptionsAndStockAppreciationRightsMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180carr:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementStockOptionsAndStockAppreciationRightsMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180carr:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementStockOptionsAndStockAppreciationRightsMember2020-12-310001783180carr:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementStockOptionsAndStockAppreciationRightsMember2021-12-310001783180carr:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementStockOptionsAndStockAppreciationRightsMember2022-12-310001783180carr:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementStockOptionsAndStockAppreciationRightsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2020-12-310001783180us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2021-12-310001783180us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2020-12-310001783180us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2021-12-310001783180us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:OtherOperatingIncomeExpenseMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:OtherOperatingIncomeExpenseMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:OtherOperatingIncomeExpenseMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMembercarr:VCSBusinessMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMembercarr:VCSBusinessMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180carr:ToshibaCarrierCorporationMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180country:GB2021-01-012021-12-310001783180country:DE2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:DisposalGroupHeldforsaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2020-12-310001783180us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2021-12-310001783180us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:ValuationAllowanceOfDeferredTaxAssetsMember2023-12-310001783180carr:TaxYears2024Through2028Member2023-12-310001783180carr:TaxYears2029Through2033Member2023-12-310001783180carr:TaxYears2034Through2043Member2023-12-310001783180carr:IndefiniteTaxYearsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:SwissFederalTaxAdministrationFTAMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:SwissFederalTaxAdministrationFTAMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180srt:MinimumMember2023-12-310001783180srt:MaximumMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:SeriesOfIndividuallyImmaterialBusinessAcquisitionsMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180carr:ToshibaCarrierCorporationMember2022-02-062022-02-060001783180carr:ToshibaCarrierCorporationMember2022-08-010001783180carr:ToshibaCarrierCorporationMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180carr:ToshibaCarrierCorporationMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMembercarr:ToshibaCarrierCorporationMember2022-08-012022-08-010001783180carr:ToshibaCarrierCorporationMemberus-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2022-08-012022-08-010001783180us-gaap:TrademarksMembercarr:ToshibaCarrierCorporationMember2022-08-012022-08-010001783180carr:ToshibaCarrierCorporationMembercarr:BacklogMember2022-08-012022-08-010001783180carr:ToshibaCarrierCorporationMembercarr:LandUseRightsMember2022-08-012022-08-010001783180carr:ToshibaCarrierCorporationMember2022-08-012022-08-010001783180carr:VCSBusinessMember2023-04-252023-04-250001783180us-gaap:BridgeLoanMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-04-250001783180us-gaap:BridgeLoanMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-05-012023-05-310001783180us-gaap:BridgeLoanMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2023-11-012023-11-300001783180us-gaap:LineOfCreditMembercarr:DelayedDrawFacilityMembercarr:TheCreditAgreementMember2023-05-190001783180carr:SeniorUnsecuredRevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembercarr:TheCreditAgreementMember2023-05-192023-05-190001783180carr:SeniorUnsecuredRevolvingCreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMembercarr:TheCreditAgreementMember2023-05-190001783180carr:CommercialRefrigerationMemberus-gaap:DisposalGroupHeldforsaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember2023-12-310001783180carr:AccessSolutionsMemberus-gaap:DisposalGroupHeldforsaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:DisposalGroupHeldforsaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMembercarr:IndustrialFireMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:HVACSegmentMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:HVACSegmentMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:RefrigerationSegmentMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembercarr:FireAndSecuritySegmentMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2022-12-310001783180country:US2023-01-012023-12-310001783180country:US2022-01-012022-12-310001783180country:US2021-01-012021-12-310001783180country:US2023-12-310001783180country:US2022-12-310001783180srt:EuropeMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180srt:EuropeMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180srt:EuropeMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180srt:EuropeMember2023-12-310001783180srt:EuropeMember2022-12-310001783180srt:AsiaPacificMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180srt:AsiaPacificMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180srt:AsiaPacificMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180srt:AsiaPacificMember2023-12-310001783180srt:AsiaPacificMember2022-12-310001783180carr:OtherGeographicalRegionMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180carr:OtherGeographicalRegionMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180carr:OtherGeographicalRegionMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180carr:OtherGeographicalRegionMember2023-12-310001783180carr:OtherGeographicalRegionMember2022-12-31carr:affiliate0001783180us-gaap:ProductMemberus-gaap:RelatedPartyMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:ProductMemberus-gaap:RelatedPartyMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:ProductMemberus-gaap:RelatedPartyMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180us-gaap:RelatedPartyMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:RelatedPartyMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:EquityMethodInvestmentNonconsolidatedInvesteeOrGroupOfInvesteesMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:EquityMethodInvestmentNonconsolidatedInvesteeOrGroupOfInvesteesMember2022-12-310001783180us-gaap:EquityMethodInvestmentNonconsolidatedInvesteeOrGroupOfInvesteesMember2023-01-012023-12-310001783180us-gaap:EquityMethodInvestmentNonconsolidatedInvesteeOrGroupOfInvesteesMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180us-gaap:EquityMethodInvestmentNonconsolidatedInvesteeOrGroupOfInvesteesMember2021-01-012021-12-310001783180carr:AsbestosMattersMember2023-12-310001783180carr:AsbestosMattersMember2022-12-310001783180carr:AqueousFilmFormingFoamMember2022-12-31carr:case0001783180carr:AqueousFilmFormingFoamMember2023-12-3100017831802023-05-1400017831802023-05-142023-05-140001783180carr:TaxMattersAgreementMember2023-12-310001783180us-gaap:BridgeLoanMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2024-01-022024-01-020001783180us-gaap:BridgeLoanMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMembercarr:BridgeTermLoanFacilityUSDDenominatedTrancheMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2024-01-020001783180us-gaap:BridgeLoanMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMembercarr:BridgeTermLoanFacilityEuroDenominatedTrancheMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2024-01-020001783180us-gaap:BridgeLoanMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMembercarr:BridgeTermLoanFacilityUSDDenominatedTrancheMembercarr:SecuredOvernightFinancingRateMemberus-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember2024-01-022024-01-020001783180carr:VCSBusinessMember2022-01-012022-12-310001783180carr:VCSBusinessMember2023-01-012023-12-3100017831802023-10-012023-12-31
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
________________________________________________  
FORM 10-K
_________________________________________
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number 001-39220
________________________________________________ 
CARRIER GLOBAL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
________________________________________________ 
Delaware 83-4051582
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
13995 Pasteur Boulevard, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida 33418
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
(561) 365-2000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock ($0.01 par value)CARRNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  ☒    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐    No  ☒
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No   ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒.    No  ☐.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerEmerging growth company
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.     
If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.   .   
Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b). ☐.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes      No  ☒
The aggregate market value of the voting Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant as of June 30, 2023, the last business day of the Registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was approximately $41.6 billion, based on the New York Stock Exchange closing price for such shares on that date. Solely for purposes of this disclosure, shares of Common Stock held by executive officers and directors of the Registrant as of such date have been excluded because such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. This determination of executive officers and directors as affiliates is not necessarily a conclusive determination for any other purpose.
As of January 31, 2024, there were 898,364,047 shares of Common Stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Part III hereof incorporates by reference portions of the Registrant's definitive proxy statement related to its 2024 annual meeting of shareowners.


Table of Contents


Index
Page
Item 1. Business
Item 6. [Reserved]
1

Table of Contents

Carrier Global Corporation and its subsidiaries' names, abbreviations thereof, logos and product and service designators are all either the registered or unregistered trademarks or trade names of Carrier Global Corporation and its subsidiaries. Names, abbreviations of names, logos and products and service designators of other companies are either the registered or unregistered trademarks or trade names of their respective owners. As used herein, the terms "we," "us," "our," "the Company" or "Carrier," unless the context otherwise requires, mean Carrier Global Corporation and its subsidiaries. References to internet websites in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (the "Annual Report") are provided for convenience only. Information available through these websites is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report.
CAUTIONARY NOTE CONCERNING FACTORS THAT MAY AFFECT FUTURE RESULTS

This Annual Report contains statements which, to the extent they are not statements of historical or present fact, constitute "forward-looking statements" under the securities laws. From time to time, oral or written forward-looking statements may also be included in other information released to the public. These forward-looking statements are intended to provide management’s current expectations or plans for our future operating and financial performance, based on assumptions currently believed to be valid. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of words such as "believe," "expect," "expectations," "plans," "strategy," "prospects," "estimate," "project," "target," "anticipate," "will," "should," "see," "guidance," "outlook," "confident," "scenario" and other words of similar meaning in connection with a discussion of future operating or financial performance. Forward-looking statements may include, among other things, statements relating to future sales, earnings, cash flow, results of operations, uses of cash, share repurchases, tax rates and other measures of financial performance or potential future plans, strategies or transactions of Carrier, Carrier's plans with respect to our indebtedness and other statements that are not historical facts. All forward-looking statements involve risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements. For those statements, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such risks, uncertainties and other factors include, without limitation:
the effect of economic conditions in the industries and markets in which Carrier and our businesses operate in the U.S. and globally and any changes therein, including financial market conditions, inflationary cost pressures, fluctuations in commodity prices, interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates, levels of end market demand in construction, the impact of weather conditions, pandemic health issues, natural disasters and the financial condition of our customers and suppliers;
challenges in the development, production, delivery, support, performance and realization of the anticipated benefits of advanced technologies and new products and services;
future levels of capital spending and research and development spending;
future availability of credit and factors that may affect such availability, including credit market conditions and Carrier's capital structure and credit ratings;
the timing and scope of future repurchases of Carrier's common stock, including market conditions and the level of other investing activities and uses of cash;
delays and disruption in the delivery of materials and services from suppliers;
cost reduction efforts and restructuring costs and savings and other consequences thereof;
new business and investment opportunities;
the outcome of legal proceedings, investigations and other contingencies;
the impact of pension plan assumptions on future cash contributions and earnings;
the impact of the negotiation of collective bargaining agreements and labor disputes;
the effect of changes in political conditions in the U.S. and other countries in which Carrier and our businesses operate, including the effect of changes in U.S. trade policies, on general market conditions, global trade policies and currency exchange rates in the near term and beyond;
the effect of changes in tax, environmental, regulatory (including among other things import/export) and other laws and regulations in the U.S. and other countries in which we and our businesses operate;
the ability of Carrier to retain and hire key personnel;
the scope, nature, impact or timing of acquisition and divestiture activity, including among other things integration of acquired businesses into existing businesses and realization of synergies and opportunities for growth and innovation and incurrence of related costs;
a determination by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") and other tax authorities that the Distribution or certain related transactions should be treated as taxable transactions; and
risks associated with current and future indebtedness, as well as our ability to reduce indebtedness and the timing
2

Table of Contents

thereof.

This Annual Report includes important information as to risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements. See the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report under the heading "Note 23 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities," the sections entitled "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" under the headings "Business Overview," "Results of Operations," "Liquidity and Financial Condition," and "Critical Accounting Estimates," and the section entitled "Risk Factors." This Annual Report also includes important information as to these factors in the "Business" section under the headings "General," "Other Matters Relating to Our Business as a Whole," and in the "Legal Proceedings" section. The forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report or, in the case of any document incorporated by reference, the date of that document. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. Additional information as to factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements is disclosed from time to time in our other filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC").

This Annual Report and our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports are available free of charge through the Investors section of our Internet website (http://www.corporate.carrier.com) under the heading "SEC Filings" as soon as reasonably practicable after these reports are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. In addition, the SEC maintains an Internet website (http://www.sec.gov) containing reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC.
3

Table of Contents


PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

General

Carrier Global Corporation ("we" or "our" or the "Company") is a global leader in intelligent climate and energy solutions with a focus on providing differentiated, digitally-enabled lifecycle solutions to our customers. Our portfolio includes industry-leading brands such as Carrier, Toshiba, Automated Logic, Carrier Transicold, Kidde, Edwards and LenelS2 that offer innovative heating, ventilating and air conditioning ("HVAC"), refrigeration, fire, security and building automation technologies to help make the world safer and more comfortable. We also provide a broad array of related building services, including audit, design, installation, system integration, repair, maintenance and monitoring.

Our worldwide operations are affected by global and regional industrial, economic and political factors and trends. These include the mega-trends of urbanization, climate change and increasing requirements for food safety driven by the food needs of a growing global population and the rising standards of living in emerging markets. We believe that our business segments are well positioned to benefit from favorable secular trends, including these mega-trends and from the strength of our industry-leading brands and track record of innovation. In addition, we regularly review our end markets to proactively identify trends and adapt our strategies accordingly.

For the year ended December 31, 2023, our net sales were $22.1 billion and our operating profit was $2.3 billion. Our net sales for 2023 were derived from the Americas (58%), Europe, Middle East and Africa ("EMEA") (22%) and Asia-Pacific (20%). Our international operations, including U.S. export sales, represented approximately 48% of our net sales for 2023. During the same period, new equipment comprised 76% and parts and service comprised 24% of our net sales.

Sales by Segment *Net Sales by RegionSales by Type

191919201921
* Segment sales include inter-company sales.

Separation from United Technologies Corporation

On April 3, 2020 (the "Distribution Date"), United Technologies Corporation, ("UTC"), since renamed RTX Corporation ("Raytheon Technologies Corporation" or "RTX") completed the spin-off of Carrier into an independent publicly traded company (the "Separation") through a pro rata distribution (the "Distribution") on a one-for-one basis of all of the outstanding shares of common stock of Carrier to UTC shareowners who held shares of UTC common stock as of the close of business on March 19, 2020, the record date of the Distribution. In connection with the Separation, we issued an aggregate principal balance of $11.0 billion of debt and transferred approximately $10.9 billion of cash to UTC on February 27, 2020 and March 27, 2020. In addition, we entered into several agreements with UTC and Otis Worldwide Corporation ("Otis") that govern various aspects of the relationship among us, UTC and Otis following the Separation and Distribution. As of December 31, 2023, only certain portions of the Tax Matters Agreement ("TMA") remain in effect. On April 1, 2020 and April 2, 2020, we received cash contributions totaling $590 million from UTC related to the Separation.

4

Table of Contents



Business Segments

We globally manage our business operations through three segments: HVAC, Refrigeration and Fire & Security. Each respective segment's major products, services and distribution methods are as follows:

The HVAC segment provides products, controls, services and solutions to meet the heating, cooling and ventilation needs of residential and commercial customers while enhancing building performance, health, energy efficiency and sustainability. Our established brands include Carrier, Toshiba, Automated Logic, Bryant, CIAT, Day & Night, Heil, NORESCO and Riello which offer an innovative and complete portfolio of products that provide numerous solutions for our customers. Products include air conditioners, heating systems, heat pumps, controls and aftermarket components as well as aftermarket repair and maintenance services and building automation systems. Some of these products are part of our Healthy Buildings Program, which offers a suite of targeted solutions that are focused on improving and optimizing indoor air quality in buildings and homes to enhance human health, safety and productivity. Products and solutions are sold directly to building contractors and owners and indirectly through joint ventures, independent sales representatives, distributors, wholesalers, dealers and retail outlets.

The Refrigeration segment provides a healthier, safer, more sustainable and more intelligent cold chain through the reliable transport and preservation of food, medicine and other perishable cargo. Products and services are sold under established brand names, including Carrier Commercial Refrigeration, Carrier Transicold and Sensitech. Our refrigeration and monitoring products, services and digital solutions, which form our Connected Cold Chain offering, strengthen the connected cold chain and are designed for trucks, trailers, shipping containers, intermodal applications, food retail and warehouse cooling. Commercial refrigeration solutions include refrigerated cabinets, freezers, systems and controls which incorporate next-generation technologies to preserve freshness, ensure safety and enhance the appearance of food and beverages sold by retailers. Products and services are sold directly to transportation companies and retail stores and indirectly through joint ventures, independent sales representatives, distributors, wholesalers and dealers.

The Fire & Security segment provides a wide range of residential, commercial and industrial technologies designed to help protect people and property. Our established brands include Kidde, Edwards, GST, LenelS2, Marioff, Autronica, Aritech, Det-Tronics, Onity, Supra and Fireye which provide product and technology innovations that are supported by installation, maintenance and monitoring through a network of channel partners and our own field service business, along with web-based and mobile applications and cloud-based services. Products include fire, flame, gas, smoke and carbon monoxide detection, portable fire extinguishers, fire suppression systems, intruder alarms, access control systems and video management systems and electronic controls. Other fire and security service offerings include audit, design, installation and system integration as well as aftermarket maintenance and repair and monitoring services. Our fire and security products and solutions, also part of our Healthy Homes and Healthy Buildings Programs, are sold directly to end customers as well as through manufacturers’ representatives, distributors, dealers, value-added resellers and retail distribution.

Planned Portfolio Transformation

On April 25, 2023, we announced that we entered into a Share Purchase Agreement (the “Agreement”) to acquire the climate solutions business (the "VCS Business") of Viessmann Group GmbH & Co. KG (“Viessmann”), a privately-held company. The VCS Business develops intelligent, integrated and sustainable technologies, including heat pumps, boilers, photovoltaic systems, home battery storage and digital solutions, primarily for residential customers in Europe. The acquisition was completed on January 2, 2024 for total consideration of $14.2 billion.

On April 25, 2023, we announced plans to exit our Fire & Security and Commercial Refrigeration businesses over the course of 2024. On December 7, 2023, we entered into a stock purchase agreement to sell our Fire & Security Access Solutions business to Honeywell International Inc. for an enterprise value of approximately $4.95 billion. On December 12, 2023, we entered into a stock purchase agreement to sell our Commercial Refrigeration business ("CCR") to Haier Group Corporation for an enterprise value of approximately $775 million. Both transactions are expected to close in 2024 and are subject to customary closing conditions.

Business Strategy

Our business strategy is to be a global leader in intelligent climate and energy solutions with a focus on providing differentiated, digitally-enabled lifecycle solutions to our customers. We believe our strategy is supported by a variety of
5

Table of Contents

favorable secular trends, including health and wellness, sustainability, digitalization, decarbonization, energy transition and a growing middle class. In order to execute our business strategy, we are focused on three pillars of growth:

Strengthen and Grow our Core

Our strategy involves driving organic growth in part by maintaining our proven track record of innovation, which is focused on designing smarter, more connected and more sustainable systems and solutions. Our strategy also relies on our iconic, industry-leading brands and on strengthening our long-term relationships with channel partners and customers by offering solutions that anticipate customer needs with a focus on technologies related to environmentally-friendly refrigerants, energy efficiency, low emissions, air quality, electrification, noise reduction and safety. In addition, we continue to actively manage and strengthen our business and product portfolio to meet the current and future needs of our customers. This is driven by sustaining activities with a focus on improving existing products and reducing production costs. We also pursue potential acquisitions to complement existing products and services to enhance our product portfolio.

Increase Product Extensions and Geographic Coverage

Our strategy involves leveraging our global operations, the strength of our iconic, industry-leading brands and our success in creating valuable partnerships to focus on targeted expansion into new locations and channels where we believe that we can drive profitable growth. These drivers are supported by research and development activities with a focus on new product development and new technology innovation. We also pursue potential acquisitions to enter new locations and channels as well as expand and enhance our current product portfolio. In addition, Carrier Ventures, our global venture capital wholly-owned subsidiary, focuses on investments to accelerate the development of sustainable innovations and disruptive technologies to transform future building and cold chain management. It engages in strategic partnerships with high growth organizations as they invest in the development of technologies to innovate and commercialize the next generation of integrated renewable offerings.

Grow Aftermarket, Digital and Customer-Back Solutions

Our strategy is focused on offering a comprehensive and differentiated suite of sustainable technologies and services. We expect that these solutions will increase our total available market opportunity, enhance our predictive service and maintenance capabilities, strengthen our customer intimacy and fuel aftermarket growth. For example, Abound is a cloud-based building platform that unlocks and unites building data to create healthy, sustainable and intelligent solutions for indoor spaces. It gathers data from disparate systems, sensors and sources; identifies opportunities to optimize performance; and works with healthy building solutions to improve occupant experiences. Our Lynx digital platform, developed in collaboration with Amazon Web Services (“AWS”), allows customers to leverage data to enhance visibility, resiliency, agility and efficiency in the cold chain to reduce losses and support real-time decisions. In addition, our product teams are deriving insights from data by employing AWS for connectivity, artificial intelligence and machine learning. Most recently, we signed a multi-year, strategic collaboration agreement with AWS to offer additional Software-as-a-Service ("SaaS") solutions in the areas of HVAC performance, sustainability and safety and security. The collaboration is part of our growing investment in digitally-enabled lifecycle solutions designed to inspire confidence in the health and safety of indoor environments.

As power grids and transport infrastructure shift from fossil fuels to renewables, we will continue to position ourselves as a leader in innovative electrified solutions that reduce emissions and energy consumption and promote grid stability. Our solutions range from residential home energy management to sustainable solutions for commercial and industrial buildings to optimized low noise and low greenhouse gas emission transport solutions. With the addition of the VCS Business on January 2, 2024, we are strongly positioned to provide renewable and complete energy solutions globally, with a portfolio that includes low global warming potential high temperature heat pumps for use in industrial and commercial applications, natural refrigerant heat pumps for residential buildings and a connected ecosystem of offerings for an electric home, such as solar PV, batteries, and a differentiated digital platform, all supported by extensive service and aftermarket offerings.

Our industry-leading global brands and track record of innovation form the foundation of our business strategy. This strategy is fueled by our position at the epicenter of important secular trends, including an emphasis on health and wellness, a growing focus on sustainability, increasing digitalization and energy transition. Coupled with our focus on growth, innovation and operational efficiency, we expect to drive long-term growth and increased value.

6

Table of Contents

Other Matters Relating to Our Business as a Whole

Competitive Conditions

Each of our businesses is subject to significant competition from a number of companies throughout the world. Due to the nature of our products and services and the markets we serve, our competition can vary from regional or specialized companies to larger public or private companies.

The most significant competitive factors we face are technology differentiation, product performance, service, delivery schedule and price. Brand reputation, service to customers and quality are also important competitive factors for our products and services. While our competitive position varies among our products and services, we are a significant competitor with respect to each of our major product and service offerings. We believe that the loss of any individual contract or customer would not have a material adverse effect on our results.

Raw Materials and Supplies

We rely on suppliers and commodity markets to secure components and raw materials such as copper, aluminum and steel. In addition, we also use semi-conductors and other electronic components in the manufacture of our products. To maximize our buying effectiveness and leverage our scale, we have a central strategic sourcing group that consolidates purchases of certain materials and components across our business segments. We work closely with our suppliers to ensure availability of products and implement other cost savings initiatives. In addition, we continue to invest in our supply chain to improve its resilience with a focus on automation, dual sourcing of critical components and localized manufacturing when feasible.

Intellectual Property

We maintain a broad portfolio of patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets, licenses and franchises related to our business to protect our research and development investments and to maintain our competitive advantages. We hold approximately 14,000 active patents and pending patent applications worldwide. From time to time, we take actions to protect our business by asserting our intellectual property rights against third-party infringement. We believe that we have taken reasonable measures to build and protect this portfolio of intellectual property rights, but we cannot be assured that these rights will not be challenged, found invalid or unenforceable.

Operating System

We plan to continue to foster operational, financial and commercial excellence to drive sales and earnings growth. With roots in our legacy manufacturing and business processes, the Carrier operating system — Carrier Excellence — is our continuous improvement framework that is expected to drive operational excellence across our businesses. Our Supplier Excellence program is intended to apply these same operating principles to our supply base and we continue to focus on strategic cost reductions through operational efficiency, digitalization, automation and supply chain productivity.

Joint Ventures and Strategic Relationships

Our joint ventures and strategic relationships are an important part of our business. We hold direct ownership interests in approximately 47 joint ventures, the financial results of which are accounted for by the equity method of accounting or the cost basis of accounting, of which 97% of such investments are in our HVAC segment. These relationships engage in distribution, manufacturing and product development activities and are integral to our business operations and growth strategy.

Seasonality

Demand for certain of our products and services is seasonal and can be impacted by weather conditions. For instance, sales and services of our HVAC products to residential customers have historically been higher in the second and third quarters of the calendar year, which represent the peak seasons for air conditioning-related sales in North America markets. A change in building and remodeling activity also can affect our financial performance. In addition, our financial performance may be influenced by the production and utilization of transport equipment, including truck production cycles in North America and Europe.
7

Table of Contents


Compliance with the Regulation of our Business and Operations

We operate our businesses and sell our products all over the world. As a result, rapid changes in legislation, regulations and government policies, including with respect to regulations intended to combat climate change, affect our operations and business in the countries, regions and localities in which we operate and sell our products. International accords such as the Paris Agreement and the subsequent U.S. climate policies to meet its nationally determined contributions as well as local regulations in the U.S. reducing the use of fossil fuels in buildings all have the potential to impact our products and service offerings. Such changes, which can render our products and technologies non-compliant, involve refrigerants, noise levels, product and fire safety, hydrofluorocarbon emissions, fluorinated gases, hazardous substances and electric and electronic equipment waste. Increased fragmentation of regulatory requirements changes the manner in which we conduct our business and increases our costs because it necessitates the development of country or regional specific variants, monitoring of and compliance with those regulations and additional testing and certifications. In addition, our operations are subject to and affected by environmental regulations promulgated by federal, state and local authorities in the U.S. and by authorities with jurisdiction over our foreign operations. We have made, and will be required to continue to make, capital expenditures to design and upgrade our products to comply with or exceed environmental and other regulations and energy efficiency standards. However, it is our opinion that the costs related to compliance requirements for environmental or other government regulations will not have a material adverse effect on our capital expenditures, financial results or competitive position.

Environmental Goals

As a global leader in intelligent climate and energy solutions, we are committed to making the world safer, sustainable and more comfortable. We have set ambitious environmental, social and governance goals to be reached by 2030, which include the following:

Invest over $2 billion to develop healthy, safe, sustainable and intelligent buildings and cold chain solutions that incorporate sustainable design principles and reduce lifecycle impacts,
Reduce our customers' carbon footprint by more than 1 gigaton,
Achieve carbon neutral operations,
Reduce energy intensity by 10% across our operations,
Achieve water neutrality in our operations, prioritizing water-scarce locations, and
Promote sustainability through education, partnerships and climate resiliency programs.

Human Capital Management

As of December 31, 2023, we had approximately 53,000 employees worldwide, of which 39% are located in the Americas, 23% are located in EMEA and 38% are located in Asia. As of December 31, 2023, in the U.S., 75% of our approximately 4,300 production and maintenance employees were covered under six collective bargaining agreements with expiration dates ranging from 2024 to 2027. In Europe, approximately 11,000 employees are represented by two European Works Councils and, at national and local levels, we inform and consult with 46 local works councils and with unions representing employees at approximately 40 sites. We believe that our relations with our labor unions and works councils are generally good.

We believe that our employees are our most important asset and that, in turn, our success and growth depend in large part on our ability to attract, retain and develop a diverse population of talented and high-performing employees at all levels of our organization. We continuously evaluate, modify and enhance our recruitment and retention strategies as part of the overall management of our business. These strategies form the pillars of our human capital management framework and are advanced through the following programs, policies and initiatives.

Health & Safety. Our Environmental, Health and Safety program is focused on eliminating the risk of serious injuries, illness and fatalities to employees, contractors and customers during manufacturing, installation, servicing and other business activities. We apply rigorous standards, controls, inspections and audits to help ensure that our operations and premises comply with national and local regulations and our incident reporting requirements. For 2023, our total recordable incident rate ("TRIR"), based upon the number of employee injuries per 200,000 hours worked, was 0.30 and our lost time incident rate ("LTIR") was 0.10, both of which improved compared with 2022.

8

Table of Contents

Competitive Pay, Benefits and Total Rewards and Practices. Our total rewards philosophy is designed to align the compensation of our employees with individual and company performance, and to provide the appropriate market-competitive incentives to attract, retain and motivate employees to achieve superior results. In addition, we offer a company-paid employee assistance program to help employees and their families with mental health and other life challenges. In coordination with each country’s social welfare system, and in addition to any required local health care participation, we may provide additional health and welfare benefits depending on, among other things, the market competitiveness in that country. We also offer a tuition assistance program, the Employee Scholar Program, that is discussed in more detail below (see Talent Development and Employee Engagement).

Inclusion & Diversity. As of December 31, 2023, approximately 30% of our employees and 32% of our executives globally were women. As of December 31, 2023, people of color represented approximately 33% of our U.S. executive and 27% of our professional employees in the U.S.

Our greatest strength is the global diversity of our people and inclusion is one of our core company values. We believe both are critical to employee engagement and ultimately, an important source of innovation. To this end, we continue to promote _belong as our inclusion and diversity philosophy which includes a focus on attracting, developing and mentoring the best talent. We also sponsor multiple Employee Resource Groups ("ERGs"), such as Pride, Carrier Black Alliance, WE (Women's Empowerment at Carrier), CHEER (Carrier Hispanic & Latino Employee Engagement Resource group), UCAN (United Carrier Asian Network) and Military and Veterans. These ERGs have an open membership to all employees, operate with a formal leadership structure, a steering committee, senior leadership sponsorship and a defined mission statement that is aligned with supporting our business strategy. We have established relationships with colleges and universities in the United States, including two historically black colleges and universities, to create programs to help students develop skills for the future and provide career and recruitment initiatives.

Our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer ("CEO") signed the CEO Action for Diversity & Inclusion TM pledge joining more than 2,000 CEOs to underscore our commitment to ensure inclusion is core to our business culture. Our senior management has also signed the Hispanic Promise, joining other Fortune 500 companies in the pledge to hire, retain and develop Hispanics in the workplace. Additionally, we offer our global workforce the opportunity to participate in annual inclusion and diversity training.

We are proud of the strides we have made and the recognition we have received in furthering our inclusion and diversity strategy. For example, in 2023, we participated in the Human Rights Campaign Foundation's Corporate Equality Index and achieved a perfect score for the third time, being recognized as a Best Place to Work for LGBTQ Equality. We also participated in the Human Rights Campaign Foundation’s Corporate Equality Index in Mexico and achieved a perfect score being recognized as Best Place to Work for LGBTQ Equality in Mexico for the second year in a row.

Talent Development and Employee Engagement. We are committed to the continued development and engagement of our people. We promote continuous learning by offering a company-sponsored Employee Scholar Program, which covers the cost of an employee's tuition, academic fees and books at approved universities. We conduct annual leadership development reviews, a process through which senior leaders identify future leaders and discuss strengths and development opportunities, fostering succession planning for key leadership positions. We also offer various talent development programs including internships, early career rotational programs and a suite of development programs for current and future leaders during the three critical stages of their careers – early career, mid-career and senior leadership.

Three-times per year we conduct a confidential online survey in local languages to solicit feedback from our employees. The results are reviewed by senior leadership and shared with our managers and other employees who collaborate to act on identified areas of improvement.

Corporate Information

Carrier was incorporated in Delaware in connection with the Separation on March 15, 2019. Our principal executive offices are located at 13995 Pasteur Boulevard, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida 33418, and our telephone number is (561) 365-2000. We maintain an Internet website at www.corporate.carrier.com.

9

Table of Contents

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

RISK FACTOR SUMMARY

Risks Related to Our Business

Risks associated with our international operations could adversely affect our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.
We are party to joint ventures and other strategic relationships, which may not be successful and may expose us to unique risks and restrictions.
Risks associated with climate change, government, regulations and incentives associated with climate change and mitigation efforts could adversely affect our business.
Demand for our HVAC products and services is influenced by weather conditions and seasonality.
Our business and financial performance depend on continued and substantial investments in our information technology infrastructure, which may not yield anticipated benefits and which may be vulnerable to cyber-attacks.
Cybersecurity incidents could disrupt business operations, result in the loss of critical and confidential information, and adversely impact our reputation and results of operations.
We engage in acquisitions and divestitures and may encounter difficulties integrating acquired businesses with, or disposing of businesses from, our current operations; therefore, we may not realize the anticipated benefits of these acquisitions and divestitures.
We have significant indebtedness, as well as unused borrowing capacity, and we may incur additional debt in the future. Servicing our indebtedness requires a significant amount of cash, and the terms of our current indebtedness, and the terms of any future indebtedness may restrict the activities of the company.
We depend on our intellectual property and have access to certain intellectual property and information of our customers and suppliers. Infringement of or the failure to protect that intellectual property could adversely affect our future growth and success.
We use a variety of raw materials, supplier-provided parts and third-party service providers in our business. The ability of suppliers to deliver parts, components and manufacturing equipment to our manufacturing facilities, and our ability to manufacture without disruption, could affect our business performance. Significant shortages, supplier capacity constraints or production disruptions, price increases or tariffs could increase our operating costs and adversely impact the competitive positions of our products.
We design, manufacture and service products that incorporate advanced technologies. The introduction of new products and technologies involves risks, and we may not realize the degree or timing of benefits initially anticipated.
We operate in a competitive environment and our profitability and competitive position depend on our ability to accurately estimate the costs and timing of providing our products and services.
Customers and others may take disruptive actions.
Labor matters may impact our business.
Our defined benefit pension plans are subject to financial market risks that could adversely affect our results.
We may not realize expected benefits from our cost reduction and restructuring efforts, and our profitability or our business otherwise might be adversely affected.
Failure to achieve and maintain a high level of product and service quality could damage our reputation with customers and negatively impact our results.
We are subject to litigation, environmental and other legal and compliance risks.
We are subject to risks arising from doing business with the U.S. government.
We may recognize impairment charges for our goodwill and intangible assets.
Failure to maintain a satisfactory credit rating could adversely affect our liquidity, capital position, borrowing costs and access to the capital markets.

Risks Related to the Separation from UTC

After the Separation and the Distribution, certain members of management, directors and shareowners own stock in UTC, Carrier and Otis and as a result may face actual or potential conflicts of interest.
10

Table of Contents

In connection with the Separation into three independent public companies, each of UTC, Carrier and Otis has agreed to indemnify the other parties for certain liabilities. If we are required to pay UTC and/or Otis under these indemnities, our financial results could be negatively impacted. Also, the UTC or Otis indemnities may not be sufficient to hold us harmless from the full amount of liabilities for which UTC and Otis have been allocated responsibility, and UTC and/or Otis may not be able to satisfy their respective indemnification obligations in the future.
In certain circumstances, we could be required to indemnify UTC for material taxes and other related amounts pursuant to indemnification obligations under the TMA.
Potential liabilities may arise due to fraudulent transfer considerations, which would adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

Risks Related to Our Common Stock

The market price and trading volume of our common stock may fluctuate significantly.
Shareowner's percentage of ownership in our common stock may be diluted in the future.
Quarterly cash dividends may be discontinued or modified, are subject to a number of uncertainties and may affect the price of our common stock.
Our amended and restated bylaws designate the courts within the State of Delaware as the sole and exclusive forum for certain types of actions and proceedings that may be initiated by our shareowners, which could discourage lawsuits against Carrier and our directors and officers.
Anti-takeover provisions could enable our Board of Directors to resist a takeover attempt by a third party and limit the power of our shareowners.

General Risks

Natural disasters, epidemics or other unexpected events (including those related to COVID-19) may disrupt our operations, adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows or financial condition, and may not be fully covered by insurance.
We may be affected by global economic, capital market and political conditions, and conditions in the construction, transportation and infrastructure industries in particular.
Our business success depends on attracting and retaining qualified personnel.
Additional tax expense or additional tax exposures could affect our future profitability.
Failure to maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act could materially and adversely affect us.

11

Table of Contents

RISK FACTORS

Our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flows can be impacted by the factors set forth subsequently, any one of which could cause our actual results to vary materially from recent results or from our anticipated future results.

Risks Related to Our Business

Risks associated with our international operations could adversely affect our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

Approximately 48% of our net sales for the year ended December 31, 2023 are derived from international operations, including U.S. export sales. As a result, changes in local and regional economic conditions, including fluctuating exchange rates, may adversely affect demand for our products and the profits generated by our non-U.S. operations because a significant portion of our sales and expenses are denominated in currencies other than U.S. dollars. While we attempt to manage our exchange rate risks, we are not completely insulated from that exposure. Exchange rates can be volatile and a substantial weakening of foreign currencies against the U.S. dollar could reduce our operating margins in various locations outside of the U.S., which would adversely impact the comparability of our results from period to period.

Our international sales and operations are also subject to the risks associated with changes in local government regulations and policies regarding investments, employment, taxation, incentives, foreign exchange and capital controls and the repatriation of earnings. Moreover, government regulations and policies regarding international trade, such as import quotas, punitive taxes or tariffs or similar trade barriers, whether imposed by individual governments or regional trade blocs, can affect demand for our products and services, impact the competitive position of our products or services or encumber our ability to manufacture or sell or procure products in certain countries. The implementation of more restrictive trade policies by the U.S. or by other countries, such as China and Mexico, where we sell or produce our products and services or procure materials, including as a result of the ongoing trade conflict between the U.S. and China, could negatively impact our business, results of operations and financial condition. Our international sales and operations are also sensitive to political and economic instability, changes in foreign national priorities and government budgets, and the risks associated with differing legal systems and customs in foreign countries.

We expect that sales to emerging markets will continue to account for a significant portion of our sales as developing nations around the world increase their demand for our products. In addition, as part of our globalization strategy, we have invested in certain countries, including Mexico, Brazil, China, India and countries in the Middle East. Emerging markets can present many risks, including cultural differences (such as employment and business practices), compliance risks, economic and government instability, exchange rate fluctuations and the imposition of foreign exchange and capital controls. While these factors and their impact are difficult to predict, any one or more of them could have a material adverse effect on our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

We are party to joint ventures and other strategic relationships, which may not be successful and may expose us to unique risks and restrictions.

Our business operations, particularly in our HVAC segment, depend on various strategic relationships, namely, joint ventures and non-wholly owned subsidiaries. We sell our products and services through certain key distributor, joint venture and similar relationships, including the Carrier Enterprise joint ventures with Watsco, Inc., AHI-Carrier FZC, a United Arab Emirates-based joint venture and various joint ventures with members of the Midea Group.

Some of our strategic relationships engage in manufacturing and/or product development. Loss of a key channel partner, or a significant downturn or deterioration in the business or financial condition of a key channel partner, joint venture or similar relationship, whether related to, among other things, a labor strike, diminished liquidity or credit unavailability, weak demand for products or delays in the launch of new products, could adversely affect our results of operations in a particular period or the value of our equity investment. If we are not successful in maintaining our strategic distribution relationships, our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows may be adversely affected.

In addition, our ability to apply our internal controls and compliance policies to our minority-held joint ventures is limited and can expose us to additional financial and reputational risks. We seek to take proactive steps to mitigate these concerns, including through audits and similar reviews.

12

Table of Contents

Joint ventures and strategic relationships inherently involve certain other risks. Whether or not we hold a majority interest or maintain operational control in such arrangements, our partners and similar business associates may, for example: (1) have economic or business interests or objectives that are inconsistent with or contrary to our own; (2) exercise veto or other rights, to the extent available, to block actions that we believe are in our or the joint venture’s best interests; (3) act contrary to our policies or objectives; or (4) be unable or unwilling to fulfill their obligations.

In addition, there can be no assurance that any particular joint venture or strategic relationship will continue to be beneficial to us in the long term. For example, some of our joint ventures or other strategic agreements prohibit us from competing in certain geographic markets or product and services channels, and these restrictions may apply to other products and services we develop or businesses we acquire in the future.

Risks associated with climate change, government, regulations and incentives associated with climate change and mitigation efforts could adversely affect our business.

The effects of climate change, including increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather conditions and water scarcity, create financial risks to our business. The potential impacts of climate change on our operations are highly uncertain and depend upon the unique geographic and environmental factors present; for example rising sea levels at certain of our facilities, changing storm patterns and intensities and changing temperature levels. The effects of climate change could disrupt our operations by impacting the availability and cost of materials and by increasing insurance and other operating costs. The effects of climate change also may impact our decisions to construct new facilities or maintain existing facilities in the areas most prone to physical risks, which could similarly increase our operating and material costs. We could also face indirect financial risks passed through the supply chain that could result in higher prices for our products and the resources needed to produce them. Potential adverse impacts from climate change may create health and safety issues for employees operating at our facilities and may lead to an inability to maintain standard operating hours.

There is a general consensus that greenhouse gas emissions are linked to climate change, and that these emissions must be reduced dramatically to avert its worst effects. Increased public awareness and concern about climate change will likely continue to: (1) generate more international, regional and/or national requirements to curtail the use of high global warming potential refrigerants (e.g. the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol and the American Innovation and Manufacturing ("AIM") Act of 2020, which are essential to many of our products); (2) increase building energy and cold chain efficiency; (3) cause a shift away from the use of fossil fuels as an energy source, including natural gas prohibitions; and (4) lead to the adoption of additional rules and regulations surrounding public disclosures relating to greenhouse gas emissions, including those recently adopted in California and the European Union. In some instances, these requirements may render our existing technology, particularly some of our HVAC and refrigeration products, non-compliant or obsolete and we may be required to make increased capital expenditures to meet new regulations and standards, changing interpretations and stricter enforcement of current laws and regulations. Furthermore, our customers and the markets we serve may impose emissions or other environmental standards through regulation, market-based emissions policies or consumer preferences that we may not be able to timely meet due to our required level of capital investment and technology advancement. While we are committed to pursuing sustainable solutions for our products, there can be no assurance that our development efforts will be successful, that our products will be accepted by the market, that proposed regulations or deregulation will not have an adverse effect on our competitive position, or that economic returns will justify our investments in new product development.

The inconsistent international, regional and/or national requirements associated with climate change regulations, such as the U.S. re-entry into the Paris Climate Agreement, also create economic and regulatory uncertainty. There is also regulatory and budgetary uncertainty associated with government incentives, which, if discontinued or materially reduced, could adversely impact the demand for energy-efficient buildings and homes and could increase costs of compliance.

We have set environmental, social and governance goals to be achieved by 2030, which include investing over $2 billion to develop healthy, safe, sustainable and intelligent buildings and cold chain solutions that incorporate sustainable design principles and reduce lifecycle impacts, reducing our customers' carbon footprint by more than 1 gigaton, achieving carbon neutral operations and reducing energy intensity by 10% across our operations. Although we intend to meet these goals, we may be required to expend significant resources to do so, which could increase our operational costs. Further, there can be no assurance of the extent to which any of our goals will be achieved, or that any future expenditures or investments we make in furtherance of achieving such goals will be available, effective, meet investor expectations or any binding or non-binding legal standards regarding sustainability performance. For example, to make substantial progress toward or to meet some of these goals, we may need to purchase or deploy a combination of renewable energy utility contracts, carbon credits or offsets, energy-efficient or low-emission products or operations, or carbon sequestration technologies, and there can be no assurance of the extent to which such contracts, credits, offsets, products, operations or technologies will be available or effective in reducing emissions or energy intensity. As global regulatory reporting obligations continue to emerge and evolve, we strive to align our
13

Table of Contents

environmental, social and governance disclosures to global reporting requirements, standards, and best practices. To the extent that reporting gaps exist as reporting standards change over time, this could result in increased compliance costs and risks.

Moreover, we may determine that it is in the best interest of our company and our shareowners to prioritize other business, social, governance or sustainability investments over the achievement of our current goals based on economic, regulatory and social factors, business strategy or pressure from investors, activist groups or other stakeholders. If we are unable to make substantial progress toward or meet these goals, then we could incur adverse publicity and reaction from investors, activist groups or other stakeholders, which could adversely impact the perception of us and our products and services by current and potential customers, as well as investors, which could in turn adversely impact our results of operations.

Demand for our HVAC products and services is influenced by weather conditions and seasonality.

Demand for our HVAC products and services, representing our largest segment by sales, is seasonal and affected by the weather. Cooler than normal summers depress sales of our replacement air conditioning products and services and warmer than normal winters have the same effect on our heating products. Historically, sales to residential HVAC customers tend to be higher in the second and third quarters of the year because, in the U.S. and other northern hemisphere regions, spring and summer are the peak seasons for sales of air conditioning systems and services. In these circumstances, the results of any quarterly period may not be indicative of expected results for a full year, and unusual weather patterns or events could positively or negatively affect our business and impact overall results of operations.

Our business and financial performance depend on continued and substantial investments in our information technology infrastructure, which may not yield anticipated benefits and which may be vulnerable to cyber-attacks.

The efficient operation of our business requires continued and substantial investments in information technology ("IT") infrastructure systems. The failure to design, develop, maintain and implement IT technology infrastructure systems in an effective and timely manner or to maintain these systems could divert management’s attention and resources. Our information systems may also become obsolete because of inadequate investments, requiring an unplanned transition to a new platform that could be time consuming, costly, and damaging to our competitive position and could require additional management attention. Repeated or prolonged interruptions of service because of poor execution, inadequate investments or obsolescence could have a significant adverse impact on our reputation and our ability to sell products and services.

Cybersecurity incidents could disrupt business operations, result in the loss of critical and confidential information, and adversely impact our reputation and results of operations.

Our business has been and may again in the future be impacted by disruptions to our or third-party providers’ IT infrastructure, which have resulted and could in the future result from (among other causes) cyber-attacks, infrastructure failures or compromises to our physical security. Cyber-based risks are evolving and include attacks: (i) on our IT infrastructure; (ii) targeting the security, integrity and/or availability of hardware and software; (iii) exploiting weaknesses or vulnerabilities in our products, or capturing information installed, stored or transmitted in our products (including after the purchase of those products and when they are installed into, or into environments using, third-party products); and (iv) on facilities or similar infrastructure. Such attacks could disrupt our systems (or those of third parties) and business operations, impact the ability of our products to work as intended or result in the unauthorized access, use, disclosure, modification or destruction of information in violation of applicable law and/or contractual obligations. We continue to make investments and adopt measures to enhance our protection, detection, response and recovery capabilities, and to mitigate potential risks to our technology, products, services, operations and confidential data. However, depending on the nature, sophistication and scope of cyber-attacks, it is possible that potential vulnerabilities could go undetected for an extended period. As a result, we could potentially experience: (i) production downtimes; (ii) operational delays or other detrimental impacts on our operations; (iii) destruction or corruption of our data (or data at or third-party providers); (iv) security breaches; (v) manipulation or improper use of our or third-party systems, networks or products; and (vi) financial losses from remedial actions, loss of business, liability, penalties, fines and/or damage to our reputation, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition. Due to the evolving nature of such risks, the impact of any potential incident cannot be predicted.

In addition, because of the global nature of our business, our internal systems and products must comply with applicable laws, regulations and standards in a number of jurisdictions, and government enforcement actions and violations of data privacy and cybersecurity laws could be costly or interrupt our business operations. Any disruption to our business arising from such issues,
14

Table of Contents

or an increase in our costs to cover these issues that is greater than what we have anticipated, could have an adverse effect on our reputation, competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

These risks are heightened by the increasingly connected nature of our products and services as we continue to focus on providing digitally-enabled lifecycle solutions to our customers, including due to the use of third-party products to connect these products and services to the internet, which may be subject to additional vulnerabilities beyond our control.

We engage in acquisitions and divestitures and may encounter difficulties integrating acquired businesses with, or disposing of businesses from, our current operations; therefore, we may not realize the anticipated benefits of these acquisitions and divestitures.

We seek to grow through strategic acquisitions in addition to organic growth. In the past several years, we have acquired consolidated and minority-owned businesses in an effort to complement and expand our business, including the acquisition of the VCS Business, which we completed on January 2, 2024. We expect to continue such pursuits in the future. Our due diligence reviews may not identify all of the issues necessary to accurately estimate the cost and potential loss contingencies of a particular transaction, including potential exposure to regulatory sanctions resulting from an acquisition target’s historical activities.

In connection with these acquisitions, we have in the past incurred, and expect to incur in the future, significant costs, including in connection with the integration of such businesses. For example, in connection with the integration of the VCS Business, we incurred transaction fees and costs related to formulating integration plans, we expect to incur a number of non-recurring costs associated with achieving cost synergies in connection with the acquisition, and the execution of our integration plans may lead to additional unanticipated costs, including costs related to employee retention, redeployment, relocation or severance fees, as well as costs necessary to maintain employee morale and to attract, motivate or retain management personnel and other key employees. Furthermore, integrating a business, including the VCS Business, may result in material challenges, including the diversion of management’s attention from ongoing business concerns; retaining key management and other employees; retaining or attracting business and operational relationships; managing the expenses and operational challenges of the integration process; consolidating corporate and administrative infrastructures; coordinating geographically separate organizations; loss of customers, distributors, suppliers, and other business partners of the acquired business; unanticipated issues in integrating information technology, communications, internal controls and other systems; as well as potential unknown liabilities and unforeseen expenses related to integration. We ultimately may not realize, and have sometimes not realized, the degree or timing of benefits or cost synergies we anticipate when we first enter into a transaction.

We also may incur - and have incurred - unanticipated costs or expenses, including asset impairment and other charges and expenses associated with litigation and other liabilities. In addition, in connection with certain acquisitions including the acquisition of the VCS Business, we have disclosed and may from time to time disclose, unaudited pro forma financial information. This pro forma financial information is presented for illustrative purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of what our actual financial position or results of operations would have been had the acquisition been completed on the dates indicated therein. Further, our actual results and financial position may differ materially and adversely from the unaudited pro forma financial information, including due to certain adjustments made by our management, and due to changes between preliminary estimates of the fair value of assets to be acquired and liabilities to be assumed, and the final acquisition accounting. Additionally, accounting requirements relating to business combinations, including the requirement to expense certain acquisition costs as incurred, may cause us to incur greater earnings volatility and generally lower earnings subsequent to periods in which we acquire new businesses. Any of the foregoing could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

We also make strategic divestitures from time to time. On April 25, 2023, we announced plans to exit our Fire & Security and Commercial Refrigeration businesses over the course of 2024. On December 8, 2023, we announced entry into a definitive agreement to sell our global security business and on December 13, 2023, we announced the entry into a definitive agreement to sell our global commercial refrigeration business. These and other divestitures may result in continued financial exposure to the divested businesses, such as through guarantees, other financial arrangements, continued supply and services arrangements or through the retention of liabilities, such as for environmental and product liability claims. Under these arrangements, nonperformance by those divested businesses or claims against retained liabilities could result in the imposition of obligations that could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

The success of future acquisitions, divestitures and joint ventures will depend on the satisfaction of conditions precedent to such transactions, which will depend in part on the ability of the parties to secure any required regulatory approvals in a timely manner, among other things.
15

Table of Contents


We have significant indebtedness, as well as unused borrowing capacity, and we may incur additional debt in the future. Servicing our indebtedness requires a significant amount of cash, and the terms of our current indebtedness, and the terms of any future indebtedness may restrict the activities of the company.

As of December 31, 2023, we had approximately $14.3 billion in aggregate principal amount of outstanding indebtedness, including debt incurred to close the acquisition of the VCS Business on January 2, 2024. See Note 7 – Borrowings and Lines of Credit and Note 25 – Subsequent Events in the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements and the section entitled "Liquidity and Financial Condition" in this Annual Report for additional information. Although not expected, we may also incur additional indebtedness in the future, including via issuance of commercial paper, under either our Revolving Credit Facility or under the Revolver.

Our debt obligations could potentially have important consequences to us and our debt and equity investors, including: (1) requiring a substantial portion of our cash flows from operations to make debt service payments or to refinance our indebtedness as it becomes due, making it more difficult for us to satisfy our other priorities and obligations; (2) resulting in higher interest expenses, (3) increasing the risk of a future credit ratings downgrade of our debt, which could increase future debt costs and limit the future availability of debt financing; (4) increasing our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions; (5) reducing the cash flows available to fund capital expenditures and other corporate purposes and to grow our business; (6) limiting our flexibility in pursuing strategic opportunities or planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industry; (7) placing us at a competitive disadvantage relative to our competitors that may not be as highly leveraged; and (8) limiting our ability to borrow additional funds as needed or take advantage of business opportunities as they arise, pay cash dividends or repurchase shares.

Our ability to make scheduled payments of the principal of, to pay interest on or to refinance our indebtedness depends on our future performance, which is subject to economic, financial, competitive, regulatory factors, and other factors beyond our control. Our cash flow from operations in the future may be insufficient to service our indebtedness because of factors beyond our control, including if our actual cash requirements in the future are greater than expected. If we are unable to generate the necessary cash flow, we may be required to adopt one or more alternatives, such as selling assets, restructuring debt or obtaining additional equity capital on terms that may be onerous or highly dilutive. Our ability to refinance our indebtedness will depend on the capital markets and our financial condition at such time. We may not be able to engage in any of these activities or engage in these activities on desirable terms, which could result in a default on our debt obligations.

As described in Note 7 – Borrowings and Lines of Credit in the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements and "Liquidity and Financial Condition," the agreements governing our indebtedness contain covenants restricting our financial flexibility in a number of ways, including, among other things, restrictions on our ability and the ability of certain of our subsidiaries to incur liens, to make certain fundamental changes and to enter into sale and leaseback transactions. In addition, some of the agreements governing our indebtedness require that we not exceed a maximum consolidated total leverage ratio and contain certain customary events of default, including related to changes of control. As of the date of this report, we were in compliance with the covenants under the agreements governing our outstanding indebtedness. Our ability to comply with such restrictions and covenants, some of which have already been amended as described above, may be affected by events beyond our control. If we breach any of these restrictions or covenants and do not obtain a waiver from the lenders or holders, as applicable, then, subject to the applicable cure periods and conditions, any outstanding indebtedness could be declared immediately due and payable.

Apart from these covenants, neither we nor any of our subsidiaries are restricted from incurring additional unsecured debt or liabilities, and to the extent that we incur additional indebtedness, the foregoing risks could increase.

We depend on our intellectual property and have access to certain intellectual property and information of our customers and suppliers. Infringement of or the failure to protect that intellectual property could adversely affect our future growth and success.

Our intellectual property rights are important to our business and include numerous patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets, proprietary technology, technical data, business processes and other confidential information. Although we consider our intellectual property rights in the aggregate to be valuable, we do not believe that our business is materially dependent on a single intellectual property right or any group of them. We nonetheless rely on a combination of patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets, nondisclosure agreements, customer and supplier agreements, license agreements, IT security systems, internal controls and compliance systems and other measures to protect our intellectual property. We also rely on nondisclosure
16

Table of Contents

agreements, IT security systems and other measures to protect certain customer and supplier information and intellectual property that we have in our possession or to which we have access. Our efforts to protect such intellectual property and proprietary information may not be sufficient, however.

We cannot be sure that our pending patent applications will result in the issuance of patents, that patents issued to or licensed by us in the past or in the future will not be challenged or circumvented by competitors, or that these patents will be found to be valid or sufficiently broad to preclude our competitors from introducing technologies similar to those covered by our patents and patent applications.

In addition, we may be the target of competitor or other third-party patent enforcement actions seeking substantial monetary damages or seeking to prevent the sale and marketing of certain of our products. Our competitive position also may be adversely impacted by limitations on our ability to obtain possession, ownership or necessary licenses concerning data important to the development or sale of our products or service offerings, or by limitations on our ability to restrict the use by others of data related to our products or services. Any of these events or factors could subject us to judgments, penalties and significant litigation costs or temporarily or permanently disrupt our sales and marketing of the affected products or services and could have a material adverse effect on our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

We use a variety of raw materials, supplier-provided parts, and third-party service providers in our business. The ability of suppliers to deliver material parts, components and manufacturing equipment to our manufacturing facilities, and our ability to manufacture without disruption, could affect our business performance. Significant shortages, supplier capacity constraints or production disruptions, price increases, or tariffs could increase our operating costs and adversely impact the competitive positions of our products.

Our reliance on suppliers and commodity markets to secure components and raw materials (such as copper, aluminum and steel), and on service providers to deliver our products, exposes us to volatility in the prices and availability of these materials and services. We use a wide range of materials and components in the global production of our products, which come from numerous suppliers around the world. Because some key parts may be available only from a single supplier or a limited group of suppliers, we are subject to supply and pricing risk. In addition, certain proprietary component parts used in some of our products are provided by single-source unaffiliated third-party suppliers. We would be unable to obtain these proprietary components for an indeterminate period of time if these single-source suppliers were to cease or interrupt production or otherwise fail to supply these components to us, which could adversely affect our product sales and operating results. Our supply chain could be impacted by climate change through extreme weather events, resulting in delivery or production disruptions and increased material costs. In addition, other issues with suppliers (such as capacity constraints, quality issues, consolidations, closings or bankruptcies), price increases, raw material shortages, regulatory limitations, or the decreased availability of trucks and other delivery services could also have a material adverse effect on our ability to meet our commitments to customers or increase our operating costs. Periodic disruptions in our supply chains has resulted, and may continue to result, in sufficient inventory not being available in a timely manner or during the appropriate season as well as higher freight and other logistic costs, including increased carrier rates, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.

We use various tactical and strategic actions to mitigate our raw material and supply chain risks and challenges, including consolidating commodity purchases, locking in prices of expected purchases of certain raw materials, dual sourcing, increasing regionalization, proactive engagement with suppliers and our workforce and dynamic management of freight costs and availability. However, these efforts may be unsuccessful or could cause us to pay higher prices for a commodity when compared with the market price at the time the commodity is actually purchased or delivered. Our suppliers could be subject to tariffs as well as climate change related regulations, compliance with which would increase our costs and the impacts of which are difficult to predict. We believe that our supply management and production practices appropriately balance the foreseeable risks and the costs of alternative practices. Nonetheless, these risks may have a material adverse effect on our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

Our operations and those of our suppliers are subject to disruption for a variety of reasons, including COVID-19 or other health-related supplier plant shutdowns or slowdowns, transportation delays, work stoppages, labor relations, changes in laws or regulations, governmental regulatory and enforcement actions, intellectual property claims against suppliers, financial issues such as a supplier bankruptcy, IT failures and hazards such as fire, earthquakes, flooding or other natural disasters. Insurance for certain disruptions may not be available, affordable or adequate. The effects of climate change, including extreme weather events, long-term changes in temperature levels and water availability may exacerbate these risks. Such disruption has in the
17

Table of Contents

past and could in the future interrupt our ability to manufacture certain products. Any significant disruption could have a material adverse impact on our competitive position.

We design, manufacture and service products that incorporate advanced technologies. The introduction of new products and technologies involves risks, and we may not realize the degree or timing of benefits initially anticipated.

Our future success depends on designing, developing, producing, selling and supporting innovative products that incorporate advanced technologies. The regulations applicable to our products, as well as our customers’ product and service needs, change from time to time. Moreover, regulatory changes, inclusive of those aimed at addressing climate change and its impacts, may render our products and technologies non-compliant and may subject us to operational, compliance and reputational risks. Our ability to realize the anticipated benefits of our technological advancements or product improvements – including those associated with regulatory changes – depends on a variety of factors, including: meeting development, production and regulatory approval schedules; meeting performance plans and expectations; the availability of raw materials and parts; our suppliers’ performance; the hiring, training and deployment of qualified personnel; achieving efficiencies; identifying emerging regulatory and technological trends; validating innovative technologies; the level of customer interest in new technologies and products; and the costs and customer acceptance of our new or improved products.

Our products and services also may incorporate technologies developed or manufactured by third parties, which, when combined with our technology or products, creates additional risks and uncertainties. As a result, the performance and market acceptance of these third-party products and services could affect the level of customer interest and acceptance of our own products in the marketplace.

Our research and development efforts, including those that advance environmental sustainability, may not culminate in new technologies or timely products, or may not meet the needs of our customers as effectively as competitive offerings. Our competitors may develop competing technologies that gain market acceptance before or instead of our products. In addition, we may not be successful in anticipating or reacting to changes in the regulatory environments in which our products are sold, and the markets for our products may not develop or grow as we anticipate.

We operate in a competitive environment and our profitability and competitive position depend on our ability to accurately estimate the costs and timing of providing our products and services.

In certain of our businesses, our contracts are typically awarded on a competitive basis. Our bids are based upon, among other factors, the cost to timely provide the products and services. To generate an acceptable return, we must accurately estimate our costs and schedule. If we fail to do so, the profitability of contracts may be adversely affected – including because some of our contracts provide for liquidated damages if we do not perform on time – which could have a material adverse effect on our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

Customers and others may take disruptive actions.

From time to time customers and others may seek to become suppliers of products and services that compete with our own or pursue other strategies to disrupt our business model. For example, an affiliate of a customer in our transport refrigeration business produces refrigeration units for shipping containers that compete with our products, and another one of our transport refrigeration customers produces refrigeration units for truck trailers that compete with our refrigeration units. In addition, our customers or existing or future competitors may seek to introduce non-traditional business models or disruptive technologies and products in the industries in which we participate, resulting in increased competition and new dynamics in these industries.

Labor matters may impact our business.

A significant portion of our employees are represented by labor unions or works councils in a number of countries under various collective bargaining agreements with varying durations and expiration dates. See the section entitled "Other Matters Relating to Our Business as a Whole - Human Capital Management." We may not be able to satisfactorily renegotiate these agreements before they expire. In addition, existing agreements may not prevent a strike or work stoppage, union and works council campaigns and other labor disputes. We may also be subject to general country strikes or work stoppages unrelated to our specific business or collective bargaining agreements. Additionally, a shortage in certain work forces, such as technicians, manufacturing workers or truck drivers, due to external forces such as geopolitical strife or pandemics, may impact our business by affecting the ability to produce, install, sell and deliver our products. Any such work stoppages (or potential work stoppages)
18

Table of Contents

or labor shortages could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, productivity, financial condition, cash flows and results of operations.

Our defined benefit pension plans are subject to financial market risks that could adversely affect our results.

The performance of the financial markets and interest rates can impact our defined benefit pension plan expenses and funding obligations. Significant decreases in the discount rate or investment losses on plan assets may increase our funding obligations and adversely impact our financial results. See Note 10 – Employee Benefit Plans to the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report for additional discussion on pension plans and related obligations and contingencies.

We may not realize expected benefits from our cost reduction and restructuring efforts, and our profitability or our business otherwise might be adversely affected.

In order to operate more efficiently and cost effectively, we have, and we may from time to time, adjust employment levels, optimize our footprint and/or implement other restructuring activities. These activities are complex and may involve or require significant changes to our operations. If we do not successfully manage these activities, expected efficiencies and benefits might be delayed or not realized. Risks associated with these actions and other workforce management issues include: unfavorable political responses and reputational harm; unforeseen delays in the implementation of the restructuring activities; additional costs; adverse effects on employee morale; the failure to meet operational targets due to the loss of employees or work stoppages; and difficulty managing our operations during or after facility consolidations, any of which may impair our ability to achieve anticipated cost reductions, harm our business or reputation, or have a material adverse effect on our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

Failure to achieve and maintain a high level of product and service quality could damage our reputation with customers and negatively impact our results.

Product and service quality issues could harm customer confidence in our company and our brands. If certain of our product and service offerings do not meet applicable safety standards – which has been the case – or our customers’ expectations regarding safety or quality, we can experience and have experienced previously, lost sales and increased costs and we can be exposed, and have previously been exposed, to legal, financial and reputational risks. Actual, potential or perceived product safety concerns could expose us to litigation as well as government enforcement actions, which has also occurred in certain instances. In addition, when our products fail to perform as expected, we have been, and may in the future be, exposed to warranty, product liability, personal injury and other claims.

We maintain strict quality controls and procedures. However, we cannot be certain that these controls and procedures will reveal defects in our products or their raw materials, which may not become apparent until after the products have been placed in use in the market. Accordingly, there is a risk that products will have defects, which could require a product recall or field corrective action. Product recalls and field corrective actions can be expensive to implement and may damage our reputation, customer relationships and market share. We have conducted product recalls and field corrective actions in the past and may do so again in the future.

In many jurisdictions, product liability claims are not limited to any specified amount of recovery. If any such claims or contribution requests or requirements exceed our available insurance or if there is a product recall, there could be an adverse impact on our results of operations. In addition, a recall or claim could require us to review our entire product portfolio to assess whether similar issues are present in other products, which could result in a significant disruption to our business and which could have a further adverse impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. There can be no assurance that we will not experience any material warranty or product liability claims in the future, that we will not incur significant costs to defend such claims or that we will have adequate reserves to cover any recall, repair and replacement costs.

We are subject to litigation, environmental and other legal and compliance risks.

We are subject to a variety of litigation, legal and compliance risks including, without limitation, claims, lawsuits and/or regulatory enforcement actions relating to breach of contract, cybersecurity and data privacy, employment and labor, environmental and employee health and safety matters, global chemical compliance, intellectual property rights, personal injury, product safety and taxes as well as anti-corruption, competition and securities laws and other laws governing improper
19

Table of Contents

business practices. If found responsible in connection with such matters, we could be subject to significant fines, penalties, repayments and other damages (in certain cases, treble damages) and experience reputational harm.

As a global business, we are subject to complex laws and regulations in the U.S. and other countries in which we operate. Those laws and regulations may be interpreted in different ways. They may also change from time to time, as may related interpretations and other guidance. Changes in laws or regulations could result in higher expenses. Uncertainty relating to laws or regulations may also affect how we operate, structure our investments and enforce our rights.

Emerging global chemical use restrictions related to protection of human health and the environment as well as climate change directives may require additional investments in product designs, resulting in increased manufacturing and production costs as well as updates to product safety assessments. These restrictions may also increase our legal obligations regarding remediation of its current and legacy operational sites.

At times, we are involved in disputes with private parties over environmental issues, including litigation over the allocation of cleanup costs, alleged personal injuries and property damage. Existing and future asbestos-related claims could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Personal injury lawsuits may involve individual and putative class actions alleging that contaminants originating from our current or former products or operating facilities caused or contributed to medical conditions. Property damage lawsuits may involve claims relating to environmental damage or diminution of real estate values. Even in litigation where we believe our liability is remote, there is a risk that a negative finding or decision could have a material adverse effect on our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition, in particular with respect to environmental claims in regions where we have, or previously had, significant operations or where certain of our products have been manufactured and used.

The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act ("FCPA") and other anti-corruption laws generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to government officials or other persons for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Certain of our or our channel partners' customer relationships are with governmental entities and are, therefore, subject to the FCPA and other anti-corruption laws. We are also subject to antitrust, anti-collusion and anti-money laundering laws in various jurisdictions throughout the world. Despite meaningful measures to ensure lawful conduct, which include training, audits and internal control policies and procedures, we may not always be able to prevent our employees, third-party agents or channel partners from violating the FCPA or anti-trust, anti-money laundering or other anti-corruption laws. As a result, we could be subject to criminal and civil penalties, as well as disgorgement. We could be required to make changes or enhancements to our compliance measures that could increase our costs, and we could be subject to other remedial actions.

Violations of the FCPA, antitrust, anti-money laundering or other anti-corruption or anti-collusion laws, or allegations of such violations, could disrupt our operations, cause reputational harm, involve significant management distraction and result in a material adverse effect on our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

We also must comply with various laws and regulations relating to the import and export of products, services and technology into and from the U.S. and other countries having jurisdiction over our operations. In the U.S., these laws include, amongst others, the Export Administration Regulations administered by the U.S. Department of Commerce and embargoes and sanctions regulations administered by the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Restrictions on the export of our products, services or technologies could have a material adverse effect on our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

For a description of material legal proceedings and regulatory matters, see the section entitled "Legal Proceedings" and Note 23 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities in the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report.

We are subject to risks arising from doing business with the U.S. government.

As a supplier and service provider to the U.S. government, including as a subcontractor under prime contracts with the U.S. government, we are subject to certain heightened risks, such as those associated with the government’s rights to audit and conduct investigations and with its rights to terminate contracts for convenience or default. In light of the current U.S. government contracting environment, we are and will continue to be the subject of U.S. government investigations relating to our U.S. government contracts or subcontracts. Such investigations often take years to complete and could result in administrative, civil or criminal liabilities, including repayments, fines, treble and other damages, forfeitures, restitution or
20

Table of Contents

penalties, or could lead to suspension or debarment of U.S. government contracting or of export privileges. For instance, if a business unit were charged with wrongdoing in connection with a U.S. government investigation (including fraud or violation of certain environmental or export laws), the U.S. government could suspend us from bidding on or receiving awards of new U.S. government contracts or subcontracts. If convicted or found liable, the U.S. government could fine and debar us from receiving new awards for a period generally not to exceed three years and could void any contracts found to be tainted by fraud. We also could suffer reputational harm if allegations of impropriety were made against us, even if such allegations are later determined to be unsubstantiated.

We may recognize impairment charges for our goodwill and intangible assets.

As of December 31, 2023, the net carrying value of our goodwill and intangible assets totaled $8.0 billion and $1.0 billion, respectively. Our intangible assets primarily consist of customer relationships, patents, service portfolios and trademarks. We periodically assess these assets to determine if they are impaired. Significant negative industry or economic trends, disruptions to our business, planned or unexpected significant changes in the use of the assets, and sustained market capitalization declines may result in the impairment of goodwill or intangible assets. Any charges relating to such impairments could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations in the period in which the impairment is recognized.

Failure to maintain a satisfactory credit rating could adversely affect our liquidity, capital position, borrowing costs and access to the capital markets.

We have been issued an investment grade credit rating by each of Moody’s Investors Services, Inc. ("Moody's"), Standard & Poor’s ("S&P") and Fitch Ratings Inc. ("Fitch Ratings"). Nonetheless, any future downgrades could increase our borrowing costs, reduce market capacity for our commercial paper or require the posting of collateral under our derivative contracts. There can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain our credit ratings, and any additional actual or anticipated changes or downgrades, including any announcement that our ratings are under review for a downgrade, may have a negative impact on our liquidity, capital position and access to the capital markets. Additionally, our credit agreements generally provide for an increase in interest rates if the ratings for our debt are downgraded. This risk may be exacerbated by our recent and any future acquisitions, including as a result of additional indebtedness that we incurred in connection with our recent acquisition of the VCS Business.

Risks Related to the Separation from UTC

After the Separation and the Distribution, certain members of management, directors and shareowners own stock in UTC, Carrier and Otis, and as a result may face actual or potential conflicts of interest.

Following the Separation and the Distribution, certain members of management and the Board of Directors of each of UTC, Carrier and Otis own common stock in all three companies. This ownership overlap could create, or appear to create, potential conflicts of interest when the management and directors of one company face decisions that could have different implications for themselves and the other two companies. For example, potential conflicts of interest could arise in connection with the resolution of any dispute regarding the terms of the agreements governing the Separation and our relationship with UTC and Otis thereafter. These agreements include a separation and distribution agreement, the TMA, the employee matters agreement, the intellectual property agreement and any commercial agreements between the parties or their affiliates. Potential conflicts of interest may also arise out of any commercial arrangements that we or UTC may enter into in the future. See Note 1 – Description of the Business in the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report for additional information on these agreements.

In connection with the Separation into three independent public companies, each of UTC, Carrier and Otis has agreed to indemnify the other parties for certain liabilities. If we are required to pay UTC and/or Otis under these indemnities, our financial results could be negatively impacted. Also, the UTC or Otis indemnities may not be sufficient to hold us harmless from the full amount of liabilities for which UTC and Otis have been allocated responsibility, and UTC and/or Otis may not be able to satisfy their respective indemnification obligations in the future.

Pursuant to the separation and distribution agreement and certain other agreements among UTC, us and Otis, each party has agreed to indemnify the other parties for certain liabilities as discussed further in Note 1 – Description of the Business in the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report. Indemnities that we may be required to provide UTC and/or Otis are not subject to any cap, may be significant and could negatively impact our business. Third parties could also seek to hold us responsible for any of the liabilities that UTC and/or Otis has agreed to retain. The indemnities from
21

Table of Contents

UTC and Otis for our benefit may not be sufficient to protect us against the full amount of such liabilities, and UTC and/or Otis may not be able to fully satisfy their respective indemnification obligations. Any amounts we are required to pay pursuant to such indemnification obligations and other liabilities could require us to divert cash that would otherwise have been used in furtherance of our operating business.

Moreover, even if we ultimately succeed in recovering from UTC or Otis, as applicable, we may be temporarily required to bear these losses. Each of these risks could negatively affect our business, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.

In certain circumstances, we could be required to indemnify UTC for material taxes and other related amounts pursuant to indemnification obligations under the TMA.

Under the TMA, we are generally required to indemnify UTC and Otis for any taxes resulting from the Separation (and any related costs and other damages) to the extent such amounts resulted from: (1) an acquisition of all or a portion of the equity securities or assets of Carrier, whether by merger or otherwise (and regardless of whether we participated in or otherwise facilitated the acquisition), (2) other actions or failures to act by Carrier or (3) certain of Carrier’s representations, covenants or undertakings contained in any of the Separation-related agreements and documents or in any documents relating to the IRS ruling and/or the opinion of counsel being incorrect or violated. Further, under the TMA, we are generally required to indemnify UTC and Otis for a specified portion of any taxes (and any related costs and other damages) (a) arising as a result of the failure of the Distribution and certain related transactions to qualify as a transaction that is generally tax-free (including if the transactions were determined not to qualify for non-recognition of gain or loss under Section 355 and related provisions of the Code) or a failure of any internal separation transaction that is intended to qualify as a transaction that is generally tax-free to so qualify, in each case, to the extent such amounts did not result from a disqualifying action by, or acquisition of equity securities of, Carrier, Otis or UTC or (b) arising from an adjustment, pursuant to an audit or other tax proceeding, with respect to any separation transaction that is not intended to qualify as a transaction that is generally tax-free. Any such indemnity obligations could be material. See Note 1 – Description of the Business in the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report for additional information.

Potential liabilities may arise due to fraudulent transfer considerations, which would adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

In connection with the Separation (including the internal reorganization described previously), UTC completed several corporate reorganization transactions involving its subsidiaries which, along with the Distribution, may be subject to various fraudulent conveyance and transfer laws. If, under these laws, a court were to determine that, at the time of the Separation, any entity involved in these reorganization transactions or the Separation: (1) was insolvent, was rendered insolvent by reason of the Separation, or had remaining assets constituting unreasonably small capital, and (2) received less than fair consideration in exchange for the Distribution; or intended to incur, or believed it would incur, debts beyond its ability to pay these debts as they matured, then the court could void the Separation and the Distribution, in whole or in part, as a fraudulent conveyance or transfer. The court could then require our shareowners to return to UTC some or all of the shares of Carrier common stock issued in the Distribution, or require UTC or us, as the case may be, to fund liabilities of the other company for the benefit of creditors. The measure of insolvency will vary depending upon the jurisdiction and the applicable law. Generally, however, an entity would be considered insolvent if the fair value of its assets was less than the amount of its liabilities (including the probable amount of contingent liabilities), or if it incurred debt beyond its ability to repay the debt as it matures. No assurance can be given as to what standard a court would apply to determine insolvency or that a court would determine that we or any of our subsidiaries were solvent at the time of or after giving effect to the Distribution.

Risks Related to Our Common Stock

The market price and trading volume of our common stock may fluctuate significantly.

The trading price of our common stock has been and may continue to be volatile and the trading volume in our common stock may fluctuate.

The factors that could affect our common stock price include among others: (1) industry or general market conditions, including inflation and increasing cost of goods; (2) domestic and international economic factors unrelated to our performance; (3) our ability to execute our planned portfolio transformation transactions; (4) lawsuits, enforcement actions and other claims by third parties or governmental authorities; (5) changes in our customers’ preferences; (6) new regulatory pronouncements and changes in regulatory guidelines; (7) actual or anticipated fluctuations in our quarterly operating results; (8) changes in securities
22

Table of Contents

analysts’ estimates of our financial performance or lack of research coverage and reports by industry analysts; (9) action by institutional shareowners or other large shareowners; (10) failure to meet any financial guidance given by us or any change in any financial guidance given by us, or changes by us in our financial guidance practices; (11) announcements by us of significant impairment charges; (12) speculation in the press or investment community; (13) investor perception of us and our industry; (14) changes in market valuations or earnings of similar companies; (15) announcements by us or our competitors of significant contracts, acquisitions, dispositions or strategic partnerships; (16) war or terrorist acts; (17) any future sales of our common stock or other securities; (18) additions or departures of key personnel; (19) failure to achieve any of our environmental, social or governance goals; and (20) other risk factors discussed in this "Risk Factors" section or in our other filings from time to time with the SEC.

The stock markets have experienced volatility in recent years that has been unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. These broad market fluctuations may adversely affect the market price of our common stock. In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a company’s securities, class action litigation has often been instituted against the affected company. Any litigation of this type brought against us could result in substantial costs and a diversion of our management’s attention and resources, which could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

Shareowner's percentage of ownership in our common stock may be diluted in the future.

The percentage ownership of shareowners in our common stock may be diluted because of equity issuances for acquisitions, capital market transactions or otherwise, including any equity awards that we grant to our directors, officers and employees. Our employees have, and will receive from us, stock-based awards that correspond to shares of our common stock. Such awards have had and will have a dilutive effect on our earnings per share, which could adversely affect the market price of our common stock. Additionally, in connection with our acquisition of the VCS Business, we issued 58,608,959 shares of our common stock to Viessmann, with which we entered into an Investor Rights Agreement that provides for, among other things, customary resale, demand and piggyback registration rights. While the Investor Rights Agreement also provides that, for the time periods specified therein, Viessmann and its affiliates are subject to customary standstill, lockup and transfer restrictions, registration of the shares of common stock held by Viessmann will permit those shares to be sold into the public market, once eligible to be disposed of pursuant to the Investor Rights Agreement. See Note 14 – Stock-Based Compensation and Note 18 – Earnings Per Share in the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report for additional information.

Quarterly cash dividends may be discontinued or modified, are subject to a number of uncertainties and may affect the price of our common stock.

Quarterly cash dividends are a component of our capital allocation strategy, which we fund with operating cash flows, borrowings and divestitures. However, we are not required to declare dividends. Dividends may be discontinued, accelerated, suspended or delayed at any time without prior notice. Even if not discontinued, the amount of such dividends may be changed, and the amount, timing and frequency of such dividends may vary from past practice or from our stated expectations. Decisions with respect to dividends are subject to the discretion of our Board of Directors and will be based on a variety of factors. Important factors that could cause us to discontinue, limit, suspend, increase or delay our quarterly cash dividends include market conditions, the price of our common stock, the nature and timing of other investment opportunities, changes in our business strategy, the terms of our financing arrangements, our outlook as to the ability to obtain financing at attractive rates, the impact on our credit ratings and the availability of domestic cash. The reduction or elimination of our cash dividend could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

Our amended and restated bylaws designate the courts within the State of Delaware as the sole and exclusive forum for certain types of actions and proceedings that may be initiated by our shareowners, which could discourage lawsuits against Carrier and our directors and officers.

Our amended and restated bylaws provide that unless our Board of Directors otherwise determines, the state courts within the State of Delaware (or, if no state court located within the State of Delaware has jurisdiction, the federal district court for the District of Delaware) will be the sole and exclusive forum for any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of Carrier, any action asserting a claim for or based on a breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any current or former director or officer or other employee of Carrier to Carrier or to Carrier shareowners, including a claim alleging the aiding and abetting of such a breach of fiduciary duty, any action asserting a claim against Carrier or any current or former director or officer or other employee of Carrier arising pursuant to any provision of the Delaware General Corporation Law (“DGCL”) or our amended and restated certificate of incorporation or amended and restated bylaws, any action asserting a claim relating to or involving Carrier governed by the internal affairs doctrine, or any action asserting an “internal corporate claim” as that term is defined in Section 115 of the DGCL.
23

Table of Contents


To the fullest extent permitted by law, this exclusive forum provision applies to state and federal law claims, including claims under the federal securities laws, including the Securities Act of 1933, as amended ("Securities Act"), and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), although Carrier shareowners will not be deemed to have waived our compliance with the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder. The enforceability of similar choice of forum provisions in other companies’ organizational documents has been challenged in legal proceedings, and it is possible that, in connection with claims arising under federal securities laws or otherwise, a court could find the exclusive forum provision contained in the amended and restated bylaws to be inapplicable or unenforceable.

This exclusive forum provision may limit the ability of our shareowners to bring a claim in a judicial forum that such shareowners find favorable for disputes with Carrier or our directors or officers, which may discourage such lawsuits against Carrier and our directors and officers. Alternatively, if a court were to find this exclusive forum provision inapplicable to, or unenforceable in respect of, one or more of the specified types of actions or proceedings described previously, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such matters in other jurisdictions, which could negatively affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Anti-takeover provisions could enable our Board of Directors to resist a takeover attempt by a third party and limit the power of our shareowners.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws contain, and Delaware law contains, provisions that are intended to deter coercive takeover practices and inadequate takeover bids by making such practices or bids unacceptably expensive to the bidder and to encourage prospective acquirers to negotiate with our Board of Directors rather than to attempt a hostile takeover. These provisions include, among others: (1) the ability of our remaining directors to fill vacancies on our Board of Directors (except in an instance where a director is removed by shareowners and the resulting vacancy is filled by shareowners); (2) limitations on shareowners’ ability to call a special shareowner meeting; (3) rules regarding how shareowners may present proposals or nominate directors for election at shareowner meetings; and (4) the right of our Board of Directors to issue preferred stock without shareowner approval.

In addition, we are subject to Section 203 of the DGCL, which could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control that shareowners may favor. Section 203 provides that, subject to limited exceptions, persons that acquire, or are affiliated with persons that acquire, more than 15% of the outstanding voting stock of a Delaware corporation may not engage in a business combination with that corporation, including by merger, consolidation or acquisitions of additional shares, for a three-year period following the date on which that person or any of its affiliates becomes the holder of more than 15% of the corporation’s outstanding voting stock.

We believe these provisions will protect our shareowners from coercive or otherwise unfair takeover tactics by requiring potential acquirers to negotiate with our Board of Directors and by providing our Board of Directors with more time to assess any acquisition proposal. These provisions are not intended to make us immune from takeovers; however, these provisions will apply even if the offer may be considered beneficial by some shareowners and could delay or prevent an acquisition that our Board of Directors determines is not in the best interests of Carrier and our shareowners. These provisions may also prevent or discourage attempts to remove and replace incumbent directors.

General Risks

Natural disasters, epidemics or other unexpected events (including those related to COVID-19) may disrupt our operations, adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows or financial condition and may not be fully covered by insurance.

The occurrence of one or more natural disasters, power outages or other unexpected events, including hurricanes, fires, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, floods and other forms of severe weather, health epidemics, pandemics (including COVID-19) or other contagious outbreaks, conflicts, wars or terrorist acts, in the U.S. or in other countries in which we or our suppliers or customers operate could adversely affect our operations and financial performance. Natural disasters, power outages or other unexpected events could damage or close one or more of our facilities or disrupt our operations temporarily or long-term, such as by causing business interruptions or by affecting the availability and/or cost of materials needed for manufacturing. In some cases, we have one factory that can manufacture a specific product or product line. As a result, damage to or the closure of a certain factory or factories may disrupt or prevent us from manufacturing certain products. Existing insurance arrangements may not cover all of the costs or lost cash flows that may arise from such events. The occurrence of any of these events could also increase our insurance and other operating costs or harm our sales.
24

Table of Contents


We may be affected by global economic, capital market and political conditions, and conditions in the construction, transportation and infrastructure industries in particular.

Our business, operating results, cash flows and financial condition may be adversely affected by changes in global economic conditions and geopolitical risks and conditions, including credit market conditions, levels of consumer and business confidence, fluctuations in residential, commercial and industrial construction activity, pandemic health issues (including COVID-19 and its effects), natural disasters, commodity prices, energy costs, interest rate fluctuations, inflation, recession, foreign exchange rates, levels of government spending and deficits, trade policies (including tariffs, boycotts and sanctions), military conflicts, acts of terrorism, regulatory changes, actual or anticipated defaults on sovereign debt and other challenges that could affect the global economy.

These economic and political conditions affect our business in a number of ways. In March 2022, we suspended business operations in Russia by ceasing to pursue new business opportunities while continuing to fulfill existing contracts for equipment, service and parts, where possible, in a manner that fully complies with applicable sanctions and trade controls. Our sales, operations and supply chain in Russia and Ukraine are not material to Carrier. However, the military conflict between the two countries and attendant geopolitical environment may continue to negatively impact the global economy and major financial markets, and may result in additional increases in commodity prices and supply-chain disruptions, including shortages of materials, higher costs for fuel and freight and increased transportation delays. In addition, the extent to which COVID-19 will continue to impact the global economy remains uncertain. This military conflict, COVID-19, the potential for an increase of their impact on global or regional economies and the perception that such events may occur, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition. Furthermore, the tightening of credit in the capital markets could adversely affect the ability of our customers, including individual end-customers and businesses, to obtain financing for significant purchases and operations, which could result in a decrease in or cancellation of orders for our products and services. Similarly, tightening credit may adversely affect our supply base and increase the potential for one or more of our suppliers to experience financial distress or bankruptcy. Additionally, because we have a number of factories and suppliers in foreign countries, the imposition of tariffs or additional sanctions or unusually restrictive border crossing rules could adversely affect our supply chain, operations and overall business.

Our business and financial performance is also adversely affected by decreases in the general level of economic activity, such as decreases in business and consumer spending and construction (both residential and commercial as well as remodeling). In addition, our financial performance may be influenced by the production and utilization of transport equipment, including truck production cycles in North America and Europe.

Our business success depends on attracting and retaining qualified personnel.

Our ability to sustain and grow our business requires us to hire, retain and develop a highly skilled and diverse management team and workforce. Failure to ensure that we have leadership with the necessary skill sets and experience could impede our ability to deliver our growth objectives, execute our strategic plan and effectively transition our leadership. This risk may be exacerbated as a result of our acquisitions, including our recent acquisition of the VCS Business, which is dependent on the experience and industry knowledge of its management personnel and other key employees to execute our business plans for the acquired business. Our success after completion of such acquisition will depend in part upon our ability to attract, motivate and retain key management personnel and other key employees within the acquired business, and current and prospective employees of the acquired business may experience uncertainty about their roles, which may have an adverse effect on the acquired business's ability to attract, motivate or retain management personnel and other key personnel.

Additional tax expense or additional tax exposures could affect our future profitability.

We are subject to income taxes in the U.S. and various international jurisdictions. Changes to tax laws and regulations as well as changes and conflicts in related interpretations or other tax guidance could materially impact our tax receivables and liabilities and our deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities. Additionally, in the ordinary course of business, we are subject to examinations by various tax authorities. Tax authorities in various jurisdictions could also launch new examinations and expand existing examinations. The global and diverse nature of our operations means that these risks will continue, and additional examinations, proceedings and contingencies will arise from time to time. Our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition may be affected by the outcome of examinations, proceedings and contingencies that cannot be predicted with certainty.

25

Table of Contents

See "Business Overview" and "Results of Operations—Income Taxes" under "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and Note 3 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Note 17 – Income Taxes in the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report for further discussion on income taxes and related contingencies.

Failure to maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act could materially and adversely affect us.

As a public company, we are subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the "Sarbanes-Oxley Act") and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and are required to prepare our financial statements according to the rules and regulations required by the SEC. In addition, the Exchange Act requires that we file annual, quarterly and current reports. Our failure to prepare and disclose this information in a timely manner or to otherwise comply with applicable law could subject us to penalties under federal securities laws, expose us to lawsuits and restrict our ability to access financing. In addition, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires that, among other things, we establish and maintain effective internal controls and procedures for financial reporting and disclosure purposes. Internal control over financial reporting is complex and may change over time due to changes in our business or in applicable accounting rules. We cannot provide assurance that our internal controls over financial reporting will be effective in the future or that a material weakness will not be discovered with respect to a prior period for which we had previously believed that internal controls were effective. If we are not able to maintain or document effective internal controls over financial reporting, our independent registered public accounting firm will not be able to certify as to the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting.

Matters affecting our internal controls may cause us to be unable to report our financial information on a timely basis, or may cause us to restate previously issued financial information, and thereby subject us to adverse regulatory consequences, including sanctions or investigations by the SEC, or violations of applicable stock exchange listing rules. There could also be a negative reaction in the financial markets due to a loss of investor confidence in our company and the reliability of our financial statements. Confidence in the reliability of our financial statements is also likely to suffer if we or our independent registered public accounting firm report a material weakness in our internal controls over financial reporting. This could have a material and adverse effect on us by, for example, leading to a decline in the share price of our common stock and impairing our ability to raise additional capital.

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

ITEM 1C. CYBERSECURITY

Impact of cybersecurity risks on business strategy, results of operations or financial condition.

As discussed under the “Risk Factors” heading in this Annual Report, our business has been and may again in the future be impacted by disruptions to our IT infrastructure or our third-party providers’ IT infrastructures from (among other causes) cybersecurity-based risks, including attacks (i) on our IT infrastructure (ii) targeting the security, integrity and/or availability of hardware and software; (iii) exploiting weaknesses or vulnerabilities in products, or capturing information installed, stored or transmitted in our products (including after the purchase of those products and when they are installed into third-party products); and (iv) on facilities or similar infrastructure.

Risk Management and strategy.

We mitigate cybersecurity risks (and other material risks) through our enterprise risk management (“ERM”) program, which is a company-wide effort, managed by senior executives and overseen by our Audit Committee and Board of Directors to identify, assess, manage, report and monitor material risks that may affect our ability to achieve our business objectives.

In connection with the ERM process, cybersecurity risks, including those relating to risks posed by our use of third-party service providers, are assigned to cross-functional management committees responsible for identifying and classifying the cybersecurity risks in accordance with our ERM risk rating methodology, and developing and administering risk mitigation and incident response plans. These cross-functional management committees regularly meet to review current and emerging cybersecurity risks and maintain policies and procedures governing the evaluation and classification of such risks.

26

Table of Contents

Cybersecurity risks deemed to be critical are reviewed by a Critical Threat Committee, which is comprised of members of our senior leadership team including our Chief Financial Officer, Chief Legal Officer, Chief Digital Officer, Chief Operating Officer, Chief Technology Officer, and Controller. The Critical Threat Committee reviews the risk and mitigation plan with the applicable cross-functional management team and facilitates notification to the Audit Committee of emerging critical cybersecurity risks. The Audit Committee and the Board of Directors receive regular briefings on cybersecurity risks. See “—Governance” below for further discussion of governance of our cybersecurity program.

In the event of a cybersecurity incident, we maintain incident response plans to investigate, classify, respond to, and manage cybersecurity incidents that may compromise the availability or integrity of our information systems, network resources, or data. In accordance with the incident response plans, cross-functional management teams assess and assign a threat level to each cybersecurity incident. A cybersecurity incident (or incidents, if aggregated together) assigned a critical threat level is escalated to the Critical Threat Committee for review.

To ensure that our employees are equipped to identify and mitigate material cybersecurity incidents and to empower them to help us maintain a secure environment for our operations and data assets, we utilize a multifaceted training approach aimed at fostering a culture of security awareness and responsibility among all employees. These tailored programs are designed and updated to address evolving threats and industry best practices. In addition to annual cybersecurity training for employees and contractors and simulated phishing email campaigns, our cybersecurity teams conduct tabletop exercises with our senior management team. Our cybersecurity teams also oversee a security assessment process that is used to screen our third-party service providers for cybersecurity vulnerabilities based on the level of inherent risk they pose to the company or our customers, based on factors including but not limited to the products or services they provide and their ability to access our information systems, network resources, or data.

We engage and retain outside consultants and legal advisors and we are members of several cybersecurity industry groups to keep us apprised of emerging cybersecurity risks, defense and mitigation strategies and governance best practices. Many of our processes and procedures have been independently audited and assessed against some of the leading international cybersecurity standards and programs.

Cybersecurity threats are constantly evolving, are becoming more frequent and more sophisticated and are made by groups of individuals with a wide range of expertise and motives which increases the difficulty of detecting and successfully defending against them. However, to date, cybersecurity threats have not materially affected us, including our business, strategy, results of operations or financial condition.

Governance

Our cybersecurity programs, including the cross-functional management committees responsible for identifying, assessing, and mitigating cybersecurity risks and incidents, are owned by our Chief Information Officer. Day-to-day administration of the cybersecurity programs are led by our Chief Information Security Officer and Chief Product Security Officer who collectively possess over 30 years of experience related to cybersecurity issues in both the private and government sectors, and possess certifications including but not limited to Certified Information Systems Security Professional ("CISSP") and Certified Information Security Manager ("CISM").

Cybersecurity risk oversight continues to remain a top priority for the Board of Directors. Although the Audit Committee maintains primary responsibility for oversight of cybersecurity risks through the ERM program, responsibility related to oversight of cybersecurity risks is also delegated to other committees in alignment with their focus charter responsibilities. For example, the Technology and Innovation and Governance Committees assist with the cybersecurity programs through their oversight of our technology, digital, and innovation strategies and product integrity program, respectively.

The Critical Threat Committee is also responsible for evaluating the materiality of a cybersecurity incident based on criteria that has been reviewed with the Board of Directors, and for determining whether there are disclosure obligations under applicable securities laws. In the event that the Critical Threat Committee determines that a critical cybersecurity incident (or incidents, if aggregated together) is deemed to be material, the Critical Threat Committee will brief the Board of Directors and oversee the disclosure process. For all critical cybersecurity incidents that are not deemed to be material, the Critical Threat Committee will notify the Chairman of the Board to determine whether the Board of Directors will be notified of the critical incident during the next regularly-scheduled cybersecurity update to the Audit Committee, or sooner as circumstances warrant.

27

Table of Contents

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

We operate approximately 1,100 sites, which comprise approximately 40 million square feet of productive space. Of these, our facilities and key manufacturing sites greater than 100,000 square feet comprise approximately 31 million square feet of productive space. Approximately 70%, 15% and 13% of these significant properties are associated with our HVAC, Refrigeration and Fire & Security segments, respectively, with approximately 2% not associated with a particular segment. Approximately 31% of these significant properties are leased and the remainder are owned. Approximately 27% of these significant properties are located in the U.S.

Our fixed assets as of December 31, 2023 include manufacturing facilities and non-manufacturing facilities, such as warehouses and machinery and equipment, most of which is general purpose machinery and equipment that use special jigs, tools and fixtures and that, in many instances, have automatic control features and special adaptations. The facilities, warehouses, machinery and equipment in use as of December 31, 2023 are in good operating condition, are well-maintained and substantially all are in regular use.

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

Asbestos Matters

The Company has been named as a defendant in lawsuits alleging personal injury as a result of exposure to asbestos allegedly integrated into certain Carrier products or business premises. While the Company has never manufactured asbestos and no longer incorporates it into any currently-manufactured products, certain products that the Company no longer manufactures contained components incorporating asbestos. A substantial majority of these asbestos-related claims have been dismissed without payment or have been covered in full or in part by insurance or other forms of indemnity. Additional cases were litigated and settled without any insurance reimbursement. The amounts involved in asbestos-related claims were not material individually or in the aggregate in any period. The amounts recorded for asbestos-related liabilities are based on currently available information and assumptions that the Company believes are reasonable and are made with input from outside actuarial experts. These amounts are undiscounted and exclude the Company’s legal fees to defend the asbestos claims, which are expensed as incurred. In addition, the Company has recorded insurance recovery receivables for probable asbestos-related recoveries.

UTC Equity Awards Conversion Litigation

On August 12, 2020, several former employees of UTC or its subsidiaries filed a putative class action complaint (the "Complaint") in the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut against RTX, Carrier, Otis, the former members of the UTC Board of Directors and the members of the Carrier and Otis Boards of Directors (Geraud Darnis, et al. v. Raytheon Technologies Corporation, et al.). The Complaint challenged the method by which UTC equity awards were converted to UTC, Carrier and Otis equity awards following the Separation and the Distribution. Defendants moved to dismiss the Complaint. Plaintiffs amended their Complaint on September 13, 2021 (the "Amended Complaint"). The Amended Complaint, with RTX, Carrier and Otis as the only defendants, asserted that the defendants are liable for breach of certain equity compensation plans and for breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing. The Amended Complaint also sought specific performance. The Company believes all plaintiffs' claims against it are without merit. Defendants moved to dismiss the Amended Complaint. On September 30, 2022, the court dismissed the case against all defendants, with prejudice. Plaintiffs appealed the dismissal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. On August 3, 2023, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the district court's ruling. The Second Circuit’s judgment is final and non-appealable.

Aqueous Film Forming Foam Litigation

As of December 31, 2023, the Company, Kidde-Fenwal, Inc. ("KFI") and others have been named as defendants in more than 6,000 lawsuits filed by individuals in or removed to the federal courts of the United States alleging that the historic use of Aqueous Film Forming Foam ("AFFF") caused personal injuries and/or property damage. The Company, KFI and others have also been named as defendants in more than 700 lawsuits filed by several U.S. states, municipalities and water utilities in or removed to U.S. federal courts alleging that the historic use of AFFF caused contamination of property and water supplies. In December 2018, the U.S. Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation transferred and consolidated all AFFF cases pending in the U.S. federal courts against the Company, KFI and others to the U.S. District Court for the District of South Carolina (the "MDL Proceedings"). The individual plaintiffs in the MDL Proceedings generally seek damages for alleged personal injuries, medical monitoring, diminution in property value and injunctive relief to remediate alleged contamination of water supplies. The U.S.
28

Table of Contents

state, municipal and water utility plaintiffs in the MDL Proceedings generally seek damages and costs related to the remediation of public property and water supplies.

AFFF is a firefighting foam, developed beginning in the late 1960s pursuant to U.S. military specification, used to extinguish certain types of hydrocarbon-fueled fires. The lawsuits identified above relate to Kidde Fire Fighting, Inc., which owned the National Foam business. Kidde Fire Fighting, Inc. was acquired by a UTC subsidiary in 2005 and merged into KFI in 2007. The National Foam business manufactured AFFF for sale to government (including the U.S. federal government) and non-government customers in the U.S. at a single facility located in West Chester, Pennsylvania (the "Pennsylvania Site"). In 2013, KFI divested the AFFF businesses to an unrelated third party. The Company acquired KFI as part of the Separation in April 2020.

The key components that contribute to AFFF's fire-extinguishing capabilities are known as fluorosurfactants. Neither the Company, nor KFI, nor any of the Company's subsidiaries involved in the AFFF litigation manufactured fluorosurfactants. Instead, the National Foam business purchased these substances from unrelated third parties for use in manufacturing AFFF. Plaintiffs in the MDL Proceedings allege that the fluorosurfactants used by various manufacturers in producing AFFF contained, or over time degraded into, compounds known as per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (referred to collectively as "PFAS"), including perflourooctanesulfonic acid ("PFOS") and perflourooctanoic acid ("PFOA"). Plaintiffs further allege that, as a result of the use of AFFF, PFOS and PFOA were released into the environment and, in some instances, ultimately reached drinking water supplies.

Plaintiffs in the MDL Proceedings allege that PFOS and PFOA contamination has resulted from the use of AFFF manufactured using a process known as ECF, and that this process was used exclusively by 3M. They also allege that PFOA contamination has resulted from the use of AFFF manufactured using a different process, known as telomerization, and that this process was used exclusively by the other AFFF manufacturers (including the National Foam business). Compounds containing PFOS and PFOA (as well as many other PFAS) have also been used for decades by many third parties in a number of different industries to manufacture firefighters’ protective outerwear, carpets, clothing, fabrics, cookware, food packaging, personal care products, cleaning products, paints, varnishes and other consumer and industrial products.

Plaintiffs in the MDL Proceedings have named multiple defendants, including suppliers of chemicals and raw materials used to manufacture fluorosurfactants, fluorosurfactant manufacturers and AFFF manufacturers. The defendants in the MDL Proceedings moved for summary judgment on the government contractor defense, which potentially applies to AFFF sold to or used by the U.S. government. After full briefing and oral argument, on September 16, 2022, the MDL court declined to enter summary judgment for the defendants. The defense, however, remains available at any trial to which it applies.

On September 23, 2022, after completion of discovery, the MDL court selected one water provider case, the City of Stuart, FL v. 3M, et al., for a bellwether trial. That trial was scheduled to begin in early June 2023 but was postponed indefinitely. The MDL court ordered the bellwether process for personal injury cases to begin in 2023. However, the court has not yet outlined details on that process or its timing.

Outside of the MDL Proceedings, the Company and other defendants are also party to six lawsuits in U.S. state courts brought by oil refining companies alleging product liability claims related to legacy sales of AFFF and seeking damages for the costs to replace the product and for property damage. In addition, the Company and other defendants are party to two actions related to the Pennsylvania Site in which the plaintiff water utility company seeks remediation costs related to the alleged contamination of the local water supply.The Company, KFI and other defendants are also party to one action in Arizona state court brought by a firefighter claiming that occupational exposure to AFFF has caused him certain personal injuries.

The Company and KFI believe that they have meritorious defenses to the claims in the MDL Proceedings and the other AFFF lawsuits. Given the numerous factual, scientific and legal issues to be resolved relating to these claims, the Company is unable to assess the probability of liability or to reasonably estimate a range of possible loss at this time. There can be no assurance that any such future exposure will not be material in any period.

On May 14, 2023, KFI filed a voluntary petition with the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware seeking relief under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code after the Company determined that it would not provide financial support to KFI going forward, other than ensuring KFI has access to services necessary for the effective operation of its business. As a result, all litigation against KFI is automatically stayed. KFI filed an adversary complaint and motion in the Chapter 11 case seeking an order staying or enjoining all AFFF-related litigation against the Company, its other subsidiaries and RTX. That motion was resolved through an agreement that effectively stays the AFFF litigation against these parties. KFI has also
29

Table of Contents

indicated to the bankruptcy court that it intends to pursue insurance coverage for AFFF-related liabilities and contractual indemnification for AFFF-related liabilities from the third party to which KFI sold National Foam. On November 21, 2023, the bankruptcy court ordered certain parties, including the Company, to participate in a mediation with respect to claims that might be asserted by and against it in the bankruptcy proceedings. The parties have engaged in several mediation sessions and anticipate further sessions in the future.

Deconsolidation Due to Bankruptcy

As of May 14, 2023, the Company no longer controlled KFI as their activities are subject to review and oversight by the bankruptcy court. Therefore, KFI was deconsolidated and their respective assets and liabilities were derecognized from the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements. Upon deconsolidation, the Company determined the fair value of its retained interest in KFI to be zero and accounted for it prospectively using the cost method. As a result of these actions, the Company recognized a loss of $297 million in its Consolidated Statements of Operations within Other income/(expense), net. In addition, the deconsolidation resulted in an investing cash outflow of $134 million in the Company's Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

In connection with the bankruptcy filing, KFI entered into several agreements with subsidiaries of the Company to ensure they have access to services necessary for the effective operation of their business. All post-deconsolidation activity between the Company and KFI are reported as third-party transactions recorded within the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations. Since the petition date, there were no material transactions between the Company and KFI.

Other

We have commitments and contingent liabilities related to legal proceedings, self-insurance programs and matters arising out of the ordinary course of business. Additionally, we are routinely a defendant in, party to or otherwise subject to many pending and threatened legal actions, claims, disputes and proceedings. These matters are often based on alleged violations of contract, product liability, warranty, regulatory, environmental, health and safety, employment, intellectual property, tax and other laws. In some of these proceedings, claims for substantial monetary damages are asserted against us and could result in fines, penalties, compensatory or treble damages or non-monetary relief. We do not believe that these matters will have a material adverse effect upon our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

A further discussion of our potential regulatory liabilities can be found under the headings "Business" and "Risk Factors" in this Annual Report.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE

Not Applicable.

30

Table of Contents

PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED SHAREOWNER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

The Company's common stock is listed on the NYSE under the ticker symbol "CARR." As of December 31, 2023, the approximate number of common stock shareowners of record was 21,605.

The declaration and payment of dividends is at the discretion of our Board of Directors, and will depend upon our financial results, cash requirements and other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors.

PERFORMANCE GRAPH

The following information is not deemed to be “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the SEC or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C under the Exchange Act or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, and will not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing of the Company under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, except to the extent the Company specifically incorporates it by reference into such a filing.

On April 3, 2020, UTC completed the Separation of Carrier into a stand-alone company. As a result of the Separation and the Distribution, Carrier became an independent public company. The following graph presents the cumulative total shareowner return from the Distribution Date through December 31, 2023 for our common stock, as compared with the S&P 500 Index and the Dow Jones Industrial Index.

Our common stock is a component of the S&P 500 Index. These figures assume that all dividends paid over the period were reinvested and that the starting value of each index and the investment in our common stock was $100 on April 3, 2020.
Comparison of Cumulative Total Return

1126

The cumulative total returns on our common stock and each index as of each April 3, 2020 through December 31, 2023 plotted in the above graph are as follows:
Company / IndexApril 3, 2020December 31, 2020December 31, 2021December 31, 2022December 31, 2023
Carrier Global Corporation$100.00 $286.66 $416.55 $316.82 $441.24 
S&P 500 Index$100.00 $150.59 $193.82 $154.28 $191.66 
Dow Jones Industrial Index$100.00 $145.31 $175.75 $157.45 $179.03 

31

Table of Contents

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The following table provides information about our purchases during the three months ended December 31, 2023 of equity securities that are registered by us pursuant to Section 12 of the Exchange Act.
Total Number of Shares Purchased
(in 000's)
Average Price Paid per Share (1)
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of a Publicly Announced Program
(in 000's)
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Program
(in millions)
2023
October 1 - October 31$—$2,129 
November 1 - November 30$—$2,129 
December 1 - December 31$—$2,129 
Total$—
(1) Excludes broker commissions.

We may purchase our outstanding common stock from time to time subject to market conditions and at our discretion. Repurchases occur in the open market or through one or more other public or private transactions pursuant to plans complying with Rules 10b5-1 and 10b-18 under the Exchange Act. Since the initial authorization in February 2021, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up $4.1 billion of the Company's outstanding common stock.

Equity Compensation Plan Information

See Item 12, Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Shareowner Matters, of this Annual Report.

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
BUSINESS OVERVIEW
Business Summary

Carrier Global Corporation ("we" or "our") is a global leader in intelligent climate and energy solutions with a focus on providing differentiated, digitally-enabled lifecycle solutions to our customers. Our portfolio includes industry-leading brands such as Carrier, Toshiba, Automated Logic, Carrier Transicold, Kidde, Edwards and LenelS2 that offer innovative heating, ventilating and air conditioning ("HVAC"), refrigeration, fire, security and building automation technologies to help make the world safer and more comfortable. We also provide a broad array of related building services, including audit, design, installation, system integration, repair, maintenance and monitoring. Our operations are classified into three segments: HVAC, Refrigeration and Fire & Security.
Our worldwide operations are affected by global and regional industrial, economic and political factors and trends. These include the mega-trends of urbanization, climate change and increasing requirements for food safety driven by the food needs of our growing global population and the rising standards of living in emerging markets. We believe that our business segments are well positioned to benefit from favorable secular trends, including these mega-trends and from the strength of our industry-leading brands and track record of innovation. In addition, we regularly review our end markets to proactively identify trends and adapt our strategies accordingly.
Our business is also affected by changes in the general level of economic activity, such as changes in business and consumer spending, construction and shipping activity as well as short-term economic factors such as currency fluctuations, commodity price volatility and supply disruptions. We continue to invest in our business, take pricing actions to mitigate supply chain and inflationary pressures, develop new products and services in order to remain competitive in our markets and use risk management strategies to mitigate various exposures. We believe that we have industry-leading global brands, which form the foundation of our business strategy. Coupled with our focus on growth, innovation and operational efficiency, we expect to drive long-term future growth and increased value for our shareowners.
32

Table of Contents

Significant Events
Planned Portfolio Transformation

On April 25, 2023, we announced that we entered into a Share Purchase Agreement (the “Agreement”) to acquire the climate solutions business (the "VCS Business") of Viessmann Group GmbH & Co. KG (“Viessmann”), a privately-held company. The VCS Business develops intelligent, integrated and sustainable technologies, including heat pumps, boilers, photovoltaic systems, home battery storage and digital solutions, primarily for residential customers in Europe. The acquisition was completed on January 2, 2024 for total consideration of $14.2 billion.

On April 25, 2023, we announced plans to exit our Fire & Security and Commercial Refrigeration businesses over the course of 2024. On December 7, 2023, we entered into a stock purchase agreement to sell our Fire and Security Access Solutions business to Honeywell International Inc. for an enterprise value of approximately $4.95 billion. On December 12, 2023, we entered into a stock purchase agreement to sell our Commercial Refrigeration business ("CCR") to Haier Group Corporation for an enterprise value of approximately $775 million. Both transactions are expected to close 2024.

Deconsolidation of Kidde-Fenwal, Inc.

On May 14, 2023, Kidde-Fenwal, Inc. ("KFI"), an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of ours, filed a petition for voluntary reorganization under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code ("Chapter 11") in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware. KFI, an industrial fire detection and suppression business historically reported in our Fire & Security segment, has indicated that it intends to use the bankruptcy process to explore strategic alternatives, including the sale of KFI as a going concern. KFI has further stated that, during the Chapter 11 process, KFI expects that there will be no significant interruptions to its business operations. As of the petition date, KFI was deconsolidated and its respective assets and liabilities were derecognized from our Consolidated Financial Statements.

Acquisition of Toshiba Carrier Corporation

On February 6, 2022, we entered into a binding agreement to acquire a majority ownership interest in Toshiba Carrier Corporation ("TCC"), a variable refrigerant flow ("VRF") and light commercial HVAC joint venture between Carrier and Toshiba Corporation. TCC designs and manufactures flexible, energy-efficient and high-performance VRF and light commercial HVAC systems as well as commercial products, compressors and heat pumps. The acquisition included all of TCC's advanced research and development centers and global manufacturing operations, product pipeline and the long-term use of Toshiba's iconic brand. The acquisition was completed on August 1, 2022. As a result, the assets, liabilities and results of operations of TCC are consolidated in the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements as of the date of acquisition and reported within our HVAC segment. Upon closing, Toshiba Corporation retained a 5% ownership interest in TCC.

Sale of Chubb Fire & Security Business

On July 26, 2021, we entered into a stock purchase agreement to sell our Chubb Fire & Security business ("Chubb") to APi Group Corporation ("APi"). Chubb, which was reported within our Fire & Security segment, delivered essential fire safety and security solutions from design and installation to monitoring, service and maintenance across more than 17 countries around the globe. On January 3, 2022, we completed the sale of Chubb (the "Chubb Sale") for net proceeds of $2.9 billion and recognized a gain on the sale of $1.1 billion during the year ended December 31, 2022.


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This discussion summarizes the significant factors affecting our consolidated results of operations, financial condition and liquidity for the year ended December 31, 2023 compared with December 31, 2022. This discussion should be read in conjunction with Item 8, the Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report. A detailed discussion of the year ended December 31, 2022 compared with December 31, 2021 is not included herein and can be found in the Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations section in the Company's 2022 Annual Report, filed with the SEC on February 7, 2023, under the heading "Results of Operations," which is incorporated herein by reference.

33

Table of Contents

Year Ended December 31, 2023 Compared with Year Ended December 31, 2022

The results of TCC's operations are included in our consolidated results since the acquisition date of August 1, 2022. Prior to the acquisition, we previously accounted for our minority ownership in TCC under the equity method of accounting and recognized our portion of earnings within Equity method investment in net earnings as part of operating expenses. As a result, prior period results may not be comparable to the current period.

The following represents our consolidated net sales and operating results:

(In millions)20232022Period Change% Change
Net sales$22,098 $20,421 $1,677 %
Cost of products and services sold(15,715)(14,957)(758)%
Gross margin6,383 5,464 919 17 %
Operating expenses(4,087)(949)(3,138)331 %
Operating profit2,296 4,515 (2,219)(49)%
Non-operating income (expense), net(212)(223)11 (5)%
Income from operations before income taxes2,084 4,292 (2,208)(51)%
Income tax expense(644)(708)64 (9)%
Net income from operations1,440 3,584 (2,144)(60)%
Less: Non-controlling interest in subsidiaries' earnings from operations91 50 41 82 %
Net income attributable to common shareowners$1,349 $3,534 $(2,185)(62)%

Net Sales

For the year ended December 31, 2023, Net sales was $22.1 billion, an 8% increase compared with the same period of 2022. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

2023
Organic / Operational%
Acquisitions and divestitures, net%
Total % change8 %

Organic sales for the year ended December 31, 2023 increased by 3% compared with the same period of 2022. The organic increase was primarily driven by our HVAC segment due to improved global end-markets in our Commercial HVAC business and pricing improvements in our North America residential and light commercial business. In addition, our Fire & Security segment benefited from price improvements and volume growth in each region. However, results in our Refrigeration segment decreased due to lower volumes in commercial refrigeration and container end-markets. Refer to "Segment Review" below for a discussion of Net sales by segment.

On August 1, 2022, we acquired a majority ownership interest in TCC, a VRF and light commercial HVAC joint venture between Carrier and Toshiba Corporation. The results of TCC have been included in our Consolidated Financial Statements since the date of acquisition. The transaction added 6% to Net sales during the year ended December 31, 2023 and is included in Acquisitions and divestitures, net.

As of May 14, 2023, we no longer controlled KFI as their activities are subject to review and oversight by the bankruptcy court. Therefore, KFI was deconsolidated and their respective assets and liabilities were derecognized from our Consolidated Financial Statements. The deconsolidation had a 1% impact on Net sales during the year ended December 31, 2023 and is included in Acquisitions and divestitures, net.

34

Table of Contents

Gross Margin

For the year ended December 31, 2023, gross margin was $6.4 billion, a 17% increase compared with the same period of 2022. The components were as follows:

(In millions)20232022
Net sales$22,098 $20,421 
Cost of products and services sold(15,715)(14,957)
Gross margin$6,383 $5,464 
Percentage of net sales28.9 %26.8 %

Gross margin increased by $919 million compared with the year ended December 31, 2022. A main driver of the increase related to ongoing customer demand, pricing improvements and our continued focus on productivity initiatives. In addition, operating results associated with TCC further benefited gross margin during the year. These amounts were partially offset by the higher cost of commodities and components used in our products and certain supply chain constraints. Although inflationary cost pressures have begun to moderate, they remain elevated and continue to impact the cost of products and services sold in each of our segments. Gross margin as a percentage of Net sales increased by 210 basis points compared with the same period of 2022.

Operating Expenses

For the year ended December 31, 2023, operating expenses, including Equity method investment net earnings, was $4.1 billion, a 331% increase compared with the same period of 2022. The components were as follows:

For the Year Ended December 31,
(In millions)20232022
Selling, general and administrative$(3,297)$(2,512)
Research and development(617)(539)
Equity method investment net earnings211 262 
Other income (expense), net(384)1,840 
Operating expenses$(4,087)$(949)
Percentage of net sales18.5 %4.6 %

For the year ended December 31, 2023, Selling, general and administrative expenses were $3.3 billion, a 31% increase compared with the same period of 2022. The increase is primarily due to higher compensation, commissions and other employee-related costs during the current period. In addition, incremental selling, general and administrative expenses associated with TCC further contributed to the increase. The current year also included $220 million of acquisition and divestiture-related costs compared with $31 million during the year ended December 31, 2022.

Research and development costs relate to new product development and new technology innovation. Due to the variable nature of program development schedules, year-over-year spending levels can fluctuate. In addition, we continue to invest to prepare for future energy efficiency and refrigerant regulation changes and in digital controls technologies.

Investments over which we do not exercise control, but have significant influence, are accounted for using the equity method of accounting. For the year ended December 31, 2023, Equity method investment net earnings were $211 million, a 19% decrease compared with the same period of 2022. The decrease was primarily driven by the increase in our ownership interest in TCC on August 1, 2022. As a result, TCC is no longer accounted for under the equity method of accounting since the date of acquisition. The decrease was partially offset by a $16 million benefit recognized in connection with a favorable tax ruling at a minority owned joint venture. During the year ended December 31, 2022, pre-acquisition equity earnings of TCC totaled $87 million which included a $27 million gain on the sale of two minority owned subsidiaries.

Other income (expense), net primarily includes the impact of gains and losses related to the sale of businesses or interests in our equity method investments, foreign currency gains and losses on transactions that are denominated in a currency other than an
35

Table of Contents

entity's functional currency and hedging-related activities. In connection with the proposed acquisition of the VCS Business, we recognized a $96 million loss during the year ended December 31, 2023 on the mark-to-market valuation of our window forward contracts associated with the expected cash outflows of the Euro-denominated purchase price. In addition, we recognized a loss of $297 million on the deconsolidation of KFI due to its Chapter 11 filing.

In connection with the TCC acquisition, the carrying value of our previously held TCC equity investments were recognized at fair value at the date of acquisition. As a result, we recognized a $705 million non-cash gain associated with the increase in our ownership interest during the year ended December 31, 2022. In addition, we completed the Chubb Sale and recognized a net gain on the sale of $1.1 billion. Prior period results also included a $22 million charge resulting from a litigation matter and a $7 million gain on the sale of our interest in a cost method investment reported within our Refrigeration segment.

Non-Operating Income (Expense), net

For the year ended December 31, 2023, Non-operating income (expense), net was $212 million, a 5% decrease compared with the same period of 2022. The components were as follows:

For the Year Ended December 31,
(In millions)20232022
Non-service pension benefit (expense)$(1)$(4)
Interest expense(362)(302)
Interest income151 83 
Interest (expense) income, net(211)(219)
Non-operating income (expense), net$(212)$(223)

Non-operating income (expense), net includes the results from activities other than normal business operations such as interest expense, interest income and the non-service components of pension and post-retirement obligations. Interest expense is affected by the amount of debt outstanding and the interest rates on that debt. For the year ended December 31, 2023, interest expense was $362 million, a 20% increase compared with the same period of 2022. In connection with the proposed acquisition of the VCS Business, we entered into several financing arrangements and capitalized $105 million of deferred financing costs during 2023. As a result, we amortized $55 million of deferred financing costs in Interest expense, of which $47 million related to our senior unsecured bridge term loan facility (the "Bridge Loan"). During the year ended December 31, 2022, we completed tender offers to repurchase approximately $1.15 billion aggregate principal of our 2.242% Notes due 2025 and 2.493% Notes due 2027. Upon settlement, we wrote off $5 million of unamortized deferred financing costs in Interest expense and recognized a net gain of $33 million in Interest income.

Income Taxes
 20232022
Effective tax rate30.9 %16.5 %

The effective tax rate for the year ended December 31, 2023 was higher than our statutory U.S. federal income tax rate. The increase was primarily driven by a net tax charge of $90 million relating to the re-organization and disentanglement of CCR and certain Fire & Security industrial businesses in advance of the planned divestitures and a deferred tax charge of $65 million related to basis differences in certain companies presented as held-for-sale. In addition, the effective tax rate was impacted by the recognition of a deferred tax liability for withholding tax of $33 million on repatriated foreign earnings, non-deductible divestiture-related costs and a non-deductible loss of $96 million on the mark-to-market valuation of the Company's window forward contracts associated with the expected cash outflows of the Euro-denominated purchase price of the VCS Business. The unfavorable impact of the above items is partially offset by a $53 million tax benefit recorded from the announced KFI bankruptcy and deconsolidation and $49 million of foreign tax credit generated and utilized in 2023.

The effective tax rate for the year ended December 31, 2022 was lower than our statutory U.S. federal income tax rate. The decrease was driven by a lower effective tax rate on the $705 million non-cash gain resulting from the recognition of our
36

Table of Contents

previously held TCC equity investments at fair value upon acquisition of TCC, a lower effective tax rate on the $1.1 billion Chubb gain and $45 million of foreign tax credits generated and utilized in 2022.

Segment Review

We conduct our operations through three reportable segments:
The HVAC segment provides products, controls, services and solutions to meet the heating, cooling and ventilation needs of residential and commercial customers while enhancing building performance, health, energy efficiency and sustainability.
The Refrigeration segment includes transport refrigeration and monitoring products, services and digital solutions for trucks, trailers, shipping containers, intermodal and rail, as well as commercial refrigeration products.
The Fire & Security segment provides a wide range of residential, commercial and industrial technologies designed to help protect people and property.
We determine our segments based on how our Chief Executive Officer, who is the Chief Operating Decision Maker (the "CODM"), allocates resources, assesses performance and makes operational decisions. The CODM allocates resources and evaluates the financial performance of each of our segments based on Net sales and Operating profit. Adjustments to reconcile segment reporting to the consolidated results are included in Note 21 - Segment Financial Data.

Summary performance for each of our segments is as follows:

Net SalesOperating ProfitOperating Margin
(In millions)202320222023202220232022
HVAC$15,139 $13,408 $2,275 $2,610 15.0 %19.5 %
Refrigeration3,818 3,883 428 483 11.2 %12.4 %
Fire & Security3,633 3,570 209 1,630 5.8 %45.7 %
Total segment$22,590 $20,861 $2,912 $4,723 12.9 %22.6 %

HVAC Segment

For the year ended December 31, 2023, Net sales in our HVAC segment was $15.1 billion, a 13% increase compared with the same period of 2022. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:
Net sales
Organic / Operational%
Foreign currency translation(1)%
Acquisitions and divestitures, net%
Total % change13 %

The organic increase in Net sales of 5% was driven by continued strong results in the segment. Increased sales in our Commercial HVAC business (up 12%) benefited from pricing improvements and ongoing customer demand in our end-markets. The business grew in all regions including Europe and Asia as current economic conditions and inflationary cost pressures improved compared with the prior year. Higher sales in our North America residential and light commercial business (up 1%) were primarily driven by pricing improvements and improved mix associated with regulatory changes effective as of the beginning of 2023. These amounts were partially offset by lower volume in North America residential end-markets. Results in our Global Comfort Solutions business (down 2%) were primarily driven by lower demand in certain European end- markets.

On August 1, 2022, we acquired a majority ownership interest in TCC, a VRF and light commercial HVAC joint venture between Carrier and Toshiba Corporation. The results of TCC have been included in our Consolidated Financial Statements since the date of acquisition. The transaction added 9% to Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2023 and is included in Acquisitions and divestitures, net.

37

Table of Contents

For the year ended December 31, 2023, Operating profit in our HVAC segment was $2.3 billion, a 13% decrease compared with the same period of 2022. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

Operating profit
Organic / Operational12 %
Acquisitions and divestitures, net%
Amortization of acquired intangibles(4)%
Restructuring(1)%
Other(26)%
Total % change(13)%

The operational profit increase of 12% was primarily attributable to pricing improvements and ongoing customer demand in certain end-markets compared with the prior year. These benefits more than offset the higher cost for commodities and components used in our products. Lower earnings from equity method investments impacted operational profit due to the increase in our ownership interest in TCC on August 1, 2022. As a result, TCC is no longer accounted for under the equity method of accounting since the date of acquisition. Inflationary cost pressures have begun to moderate but continue to impact our operating profit.

Acquisitions and divestitures, net primarily related to the results of operations associated with the acquisition of TCC. The transaction added 6% to Operating profit during the year ended December 31, 2023. In connection with the TCC acquisition, the carrying value of our previously held TCC equity investments were recognized at fair value at the date of acquisition. As a result, we recognized a $705 million non-cash gain associated with the increase in our ownership interest in Other.

Refrigeration Segment

For the year ended December 31, 2023, Net sales in our Refrigeration segment was $3.8 billion, a 2% decrease compared with the same period of 2022. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

Net sales
Organic / Operational(2)%
Foreign currency translation%
Acquisitions and divestitures, net(1)%
Total % change(2)%

Organic Net sales decreased 2% compared to the prior year as the segment experienced challenges in certain end-markets during the year. Results for Commercial refrigeration decreased (down 14%) compared with the prior year, primarily driven by lower volumes in Europe as economic conditions and inflationary cost pressures impacted end-market demand. In addition, Asia results were impacted by reduced end-market demand in China. Transport refrigeration results increased (up 3%) compared to the prior year as pricing improvements and strong end-market demand in all regions were partially offset by continued weakness in container end-markets.

For the year ended December 31, 2023, Operating profit in our Refrigeration segment was $428 million, an 11% decrease compared with the same period of 2022. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

Operating profit
Organic / Operational(14)%
Foreign currency translation%
Restructuring(3)%
Other%
Total % change(11)%

38

Table of Contents

The decrease in operational profit of 14% was primarily driven by lower volume in certain end-markets compared with the prior year. In addition, the higher costs of commodities and components used in our products further impacted segment results. These amounts were partially offset by pricing improvements and favorable productivity initiatives. Inflationary cost pressures have begun to moderate but continue to impact our operating profit. Amounts reported in Other represent a $24 million gain on the sale of a business within Transport refrigeration.

Fire & Security Segment

For the year ended December 31, 2023, Net sales in our Fire & Security segment was $3.6 billion, a 2% increase compared with the same period of 2022. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

Net sales
Organic / Operational%
Foreign currency translation(1)%
KFI deconsolidation(3)%
Total % change2 %

The organic increase in Net sales of 6% was primarily driven by pricing improvements and volume growth compared with the prior year. Sales grew in all three regions including strong commercial results in the Americas. Growth in Europe moderated as economic conditions and inflationary cost pressures impacted end-market demand. Results in Asia normalized after a strong COVID-19 related recovery. Global industrial sales benefited segment results due to pricing improvements and strong demand. The segment was impacted by ongoing supply chain constraints for certain components used in our products.

For the year ended December 31, 2023, Operating profit in our Fire & Security segment was $209 million, an 87% decrease compared with the same period of 2022. The components of the year-over-year change were as follows:

Operating profit
Organic / Operational%
Acquisitions and divestitures, net(1)%
Restructuring(1)%
KFI deconsolidation(18)%
Chubb gain(68)%
Other(1)%
Total % change(87)%

The operational profit increase of 2% was primarily driven by pricing improvements, volume growth and lower freight and logistics costs compared to the prior year. These amounts were partially offset by the higher costs of commodities and components used in our products. In addition, higher inventory-related reserves resulting from supply chain challenges further impacted segment results. Inflationary cost pressures have moderated, but continue to impact our operating profit.

As of May 14, 2023, we no longer control KFI as their activities are subject to review and oversight by the bankruptcy court. Therefore, KFI was deconsolidated and their respective assets and liabilities were derecognized from our Consolidated Financial Statements. As a result, we recognized a loss on deconsolidation of $297 million during the year ended December 31, 2023. In addition, we incurred divestiture-related costs reported within Other. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2022, we completed the Chubb Sale and recognized a net gain on the sale of $1.1 billion

LIQUIDITY AND FINANCIAL CONDITION

We assess liquidity in terms of our ability to generate adequate amounts of cash necessary to fund our current and future cash requirements to support our business and strategic initiatives. In doing so, we review and analyze our cash on hand, working capital, debt service requirements and capital expenditures. We rely on operating cash flows as our primary source of liquidity. In addition, we have access to other sources of capital to finance our strategic initiatives and fund growth.

39

Table of Contents

As of December 31, 2023, we had Cash and cash equivalents of $10.0 billion, of which approximately 48% was held by our foreign subsidiaries. We manage our worldwide cash requirements by reviewing available funds and the cost effectiveness with which we can access funds held by foreign subsidiaries. On occasion, we are required to maintain cash deposits in connection with contractual obligations related to acquisitions or divestitures or other legal obligations. As of December 31, 2023 and 2022, the amount of such restricted cash was $2 million and $7 million, respectively.

We continue to actively manage and strengthen our business portfolio to meet the current and future needs of our customers. This is accomplished through research and development activities with a focus on new product development and new technology innovation as well as sustaining activities with a focus on improving existing products and reducing production costs. We also pursue potential acquisitions to complement existing products and services to enhance our product portfolio. In addition, we routinely conduct discussions, evaluate targets and enter into agreements regarding possible acquisitions, divestitures, joint ventures and equity investments to manage our business portfolio.

We believe that our available cash and operating cash flows will be sufficient to meet our future operating cash needs. Our committed credit facilities and access to the debt and equity markets provide additional sources of short-term and long-term capital to fund current operations, debt maturities and future investment opportunities. Although we believe that the arrangements currently in place permit us to finance our operations on acceptable terms and conditions, our access to and the availability of financing on acceptable terms and conditions in the future will be impacted by many factors, including: (1) our credit ratings or absence of credit ratings; (2) the liquidity of the overall capital markets; (3) the state of the economy; and (4) the restrictions under our debt agreements. There can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain additional financing on terms favorable to us, if at all.

The following table contains several key measures of our financial condition and liquidity:
As of December 31,
(In millions)20232022
Cash and cash equivalents$10,015 $3,520 
Total debt$14,293 $8,842 
Net debt (total debt less cash and cash equivalents)$4,278 $5,322 
Total equity$9,005 $8,076 
Total capitalization (total debt plus total equity)$23,298 $16,918 
Net capitalization (total debt plus total equity less cash and cash equivalents)$13,283 $13,398 
Total debt to total capitalization61 %52 %
Net debt to net capitalization32 %40 %

Acquisition of Viessmann

On April 25, 2023, we announced that we entered into an Agreement to acquire the VCS Business. Under the terms of the Agreement, 20% of the purchase price was to be paid in Carrier common stock, issued directly to Viessmann and subject to long-term lock-up provisions and 80% was to be paid in cash. Simultaneously, we entered into commitment letters with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., BofA Securities, Inc. and Bank of America, N.A. to provide a €8.2 billion Bridge Loan to fund a portion of the Euro-denominated purchase price.

On May 19, 2023, we entered into a 364-day, $500 million, senior unsecured revolving credit agreement with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent and certain other lenders (the "Revolver"). In addition, we entered into a senior unsecured delayed draw term loan credit agreement with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent and certain other lenders that permits aggregate borrowings of up to €2.3 billion (the "Delayed Draw Facility"). Upon entering into the Delayed Draw Facility, the aggregate principal amount of the Bridge Loan was reduced by €2.3 billion. In November 30, 2023, we issued $3.0 billion principal amount of USD-denominated notes ("USD Notes") and €2.35 billion principal amount of Euro-denominated notes ("Euro Notes"). Upon issuance, the aggregate principal amount of the Bridge Loan was reduced by €5.4 billion.

On January 2, 2024, we completed the acquisition of the VCS Business for $14.2 billion. The cash portion of the purchase price was funded through cash on hand, proceeds from the USD Notes and the Euro Notes and borrowings under the Delayed Draw Facility and a 60-day senior unsecured bridge term loan. In addition, proceeds from the Revolver became available upon closing.
40

Table of Contents


Borrowings and Lines of Credit

We maintain a $2.0 billion unsecured, unsubordinated commercial paper program which we can use for general corporate purposes, including the funding of working capital and potential acquisitions. In addition, we maintain a $2.0 billion revolving credit agreement with various banks (the "Revolving Credit Facility") that matures in May 2028 which supports our commercial paper borrowing program and can be used for general corporate purposes. A ratings-based commitment fee is charged on unused commitments. As of December 31, 2023, we had no borrowings outstanding under our commercial paper program or our Revolving Credit Facility.

Our short-term obligations primarily consist of current maturities of long-term debt. Our long-term obligations primarily consist of long-term notes with maturity dates ranging between 2025 and 2054. Interest payments related to long-term Notes are expected to approximate $507 million per year, reflecting an approximate weighted-average interest rate of 3.8%. Any borrowings from the Revolving Credit Facility are subject to variable interest rates. See Note 7 - Borrowings and Lines of Credit in the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding the terms of our long-term debt obligations.

Scheduled maturities of long-term debt, excluding amortization of discount, are as follows:

(In millions)
2024$51 
2025$3,053 
2026$
2027$1,245 
2028$832 
Thereafter$9,191 

The following table presents our credit ratings and outlook as of December 31, 2023:

Rating Agency
Long-term Rating (1)
Short-term Rating
Outlook (2)
S&P
BBBA2Positive
Moody's
Baa3P3Positive
Fitch Ratings BBBF3Stable
(1) The long-term rating for S&P was affirmed on May 14, 2021, and for Moody's on March 30, 2022. Fitch's long-term rating was updated in December 2023.
(2) S&P revised its outlook to positive from stable in December 2023.
(3) Moody's Investors Service revised its outlook to positive from stable on February 28, 2023.

Portfolio Transformation

On April 25, 2023, we announced plans to exit our Fire & Security and Commercial Refrigeration businesses over the course of 2024. On December 7, 2023, we entered into a stock purchase agreement to sell our Fire & Security Access Solutions business to Honeywell International Inc. for an enterprise value of approximately $4.95 billion. On December 12, 2023, we entered into a stock purchase agreement to sell CCR to Haier Group Corporation for an enterprise value of approximately $775 million. Both transactions are expected to close 2024.

Share Repurchase Program

We may purchase our outstanding common stock from time to time subject to market conditions and at our discretion. Repurchases occur in the open market or through one or more other public or private transactions pursuant to plans complying with Rules 10b5-1 and 10b-18 under the Exchange Act. Since the initial authorization in February 2021, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $4.1 billion of our outstanding common stock. As of December 31, 2023, the Company repurchased 43.5 million shares of common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $2.0 billion, which includes shares repurchased under an accelerated share repurchase agreement. As a result, the Company has approximately $2.1 billion remaining under the current authorization at December 31, 2023. Upon announcement of the proposed acquisition of the VCS
41

Table of Contents

Business, the Company temporarily paused its share repurchase program in order to advance its capital allocation strategy. As a result, there is no share repurchase activity to report for the fourth quarter of 2023.

Dividends

We paid dividends on our common stock of $0.74 per share during the year ended December 31, 2023, totaling $620 million. On December 6, 2023, the Board of Directors declared a dividend of $0.19 per share payable on February 9, 2024 to shareowners of record at the close of business on December 21, 2023.


Discussion of Cash Flows
For the Years Ended December 31,
(In millions)20232022
Cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities$2,607 $1,743 
Investing activities(660)1,745 
Financing activities4,612 (2,931)
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents88 (56)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash$6,647 $501 

Cash flows from operating activities primarily represent inflows and outflows associated with our operations. Primary activities include net income from operations adjusted for non-cash transactions, working capital changes and changes in other assets and liabilities. We define working capital as the assets and liabilities, other than cash, generated through our primary operating activities. The year-over-year increase in net cash provided by operating activities was primarily driven by a reduction in working capital balances. Improved inventory management and higher accounts payable balances more that offset an increase in our accounts receivable balances. In addition, Accounts payable and accrued liabilities included a $96 million mark-to-market valuation adjustment on our window forward contracts associated with the Euro-denominated purchase price of the VCS Business. Prior year working capital balances were higher due to higher safety stock and supply chain constraints.

Cash flows from investing activities primarily represent inflows and outflows associated with long-term assets. Primary activities include capital expenditures, acquisitions, divestitures and proceeds from the sale of fixed assets. During the year ended December 31, 2023, net cash used in investing activities was $660 million. The primary drivers of the outflow related to $469 million of capital expenditures and $134 million related to the deconsolidation of KFI. In addition, we settled working capital and other transaction-related items associated with the acquisition of TCC and invested in several businesses. These amounts totaled $84 million, net of cash acquired and were partially offset by the proceeds from the sale of a business during the period. During the year ended December 31, 2022, net cash provided by investing activities was $1.7 billion. The primary driver of the inflow related to the net proceeds from the Chubb Sale. This amount was partially offset by the acquisition of TCC and several other businesses and minority-owned businesses, which totaled $506 million, net of cash acquired and $353 million of capital expenditures.

Cash flows from financing activities primarily represent inflows and outflows associated with equity or borrowings. Primary activities include debt transactions, paying dividends to shareowners and the repurchase of our common stock. During the year ended December 31, 2023 net cash provided by financing activities was $4.6 billion. The primary driver of the inflow related to the issuance of the USD Notes and the Euro Notes. The inflow was partially offset by the payment of $620 million in dividends to our common shareowners and deferred financing costs. In addition, we paid $62 million to repurchase shares of our common stock. During the year ended December 31, 2022 net cash used in financing activities was $2.9 billion. The primary driver of the outflow related to the payment of $1.4 billion to repurchase shares of our common stock. In addition, we settled our tender offers for $1.15 billion and paid $509 million in dividends to our common shareowners.

Summary of Other Sources and Uses of Cash

Rapid changes in legislation, regulations and government policies, including with respect to regulations intended to combat climate change, affect our operations and business in the countries, regions and localities in which we operate and sell our products. We are committed to comply with these regulations and to environmental stewardship. As a result, we have set goals to invest over $2 billion by 2030 to develop healthy, safe, sustainable and intelligent buildings and cold chain solutions that incorporate sustainable design principles and reduce lifecycle impacts. In addition, to reach our goal to achieve carbon
42

Table of Contents

neutrality in our operations by 2030, we expect to incur capital expenditures for climate-related projects including upgrading our facilities, equipment and controls to optimize energy efficiency, transition our energy consumption from a dependency on fossil fuels to renewable energy and expanding the electrification of our fleet vehicles. See section entitled Environmental Goals under the headings "Other Matters Relating to Our Business as a Whole" for additional information.

We also have obligations related to environmental and asbestos matters, pension and post-retirement benefits and taxes. See Note 10 - Employee Benefit Plans, Note 17 - Income Taxes, and Note 23 - Commitments and Contingent Liabilities in the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report for additional information.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES

Our financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with those accounting principles requires management to use judgement in making estimates and assumptions based on the relevant information available at the end of each period. These estimates and assumptions have a significant effect on reported amounts of assets, liabilities, sales and expenses as well as the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities because they result primarily from the need to make estimates and assumptions on matters that are inherently uncertain. Actual results could differ from management's estimates.

Goodwill and Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets

In accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other ("ASC 350"), goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested and reviewed annually for impairment or whenever there is a material change in events or circumstances that indicate that the fair value of the asset is more likely than not less than the carrying amount of the asset. We test our reporting units and indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment annually as of the first day of our third quarter, or more frequently if events or circumstances occur.

ASC 350 provides entities with an option to perform a qualitative assessment (commonly referred to as “step zero”) to determine whether a quantitative analysis for impairment is necessary. In performing step zero for our impairment test, we are required to make assumptions and judgments, including but not limited to the following: the evaluation of macroeconomic conditions as related to our business, industry and market trends, and the overall future financial performance of our reporting units and future opportunities in the markets in which they operate. If impairment indicators are present after performing step zero, we would perform a quantitative impairment analysis to estimate fair value.

For our 2023 goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets impairment tests, we elected to perform qualitative step zero assessments to determine if it was more likely than not that the fair values of our reporting units and indefinite-lived intangible assets were below carrying value. We considered macroeconomic factors including global economic growth, general macroeconomic trends for the markets in which our reporting units operate and where the intangible assets are utilized and the forecasted growth of the global industrial products industry. In addition to these macroeconomic factors, among other things, we considered the reporting units’ current results and forecasts, changes in the nature of each business, any significant legal, regulatory, contractual, political or other business climate factors, changes in the industry and competitive environment, changes in the composition or carrying amount of net assets and any intention to sell or dispose of a reporting unit or cease the use of any indefinite-lived intangible assets. Based upon our qualitative analysis, we determined that our goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets were not impaired.

Revenue Recognition from Contracts with Customers

Revenue is recognized when control of a good or service promised in a contract (i.e., performance obligation) is transferred to a customer. Control is obtained when a customer has the ability to direct the use of and obtain substantially all of the remaining benefits from that good or service. A significant portion of our performance obligations are recognized at a point-in-time when control of the product transfers to the customer, which is generally the time of shipment. The remaining portion of our performance obligations are recognized over time as the customer simultaneously obtains control as we perform work under a contract, or if the product being produced for the customer has no alternative use and we have a contractual right to payment.

A performance obligation is a distinct good, service or a bundle of goods and services promised in a contract. Some of our contracts with customers contain a single performance obligation, while others contain multiple performance obligations most commonly when a contract spans multiple phases of a product life-cycle such as production, installation, maintenance and
43

Table of Contents

support. We identify performance obligations at the inception of a contract and allocate the transaction price to each distinct performance obligation. Revenue is recognized when or as the performance obligation is satisfied. When there are multiple performance obligations within a contract, we allocate the transaction price to each performance obligation based on its relative stand-alone selling price.

We primarily generate revenue from the sale of products to customers and recognize revenue at a point in time when control transfers to the customer. Transfer of control is generally based on the shipping terms of the contract. In addition, we recognize revenue on an over-time basis on installation and service contracts. For over-time performance obligations requiring the installation of equipment, revenue is recognized using costs incurred to date relative to total estimated costs at completion to measure progress. Incurred costs represent work performed, which correspond with and best depict transfer of control to the customer. Contract costs include direct costs such as labor, materials and subcontractors’ costs and, where applicable, indirect costs.

The transaction price allocated to performance obligations reflects our expectations about the consideration we will be entitled to receive from a customer. We include variable consideration in the estimated transaction price when there is a basis to reasonably estimate the amount and when it is probable that a significant reversal of revenue recognized would not occur when the uncertainty associated with variable consideration is subsequently resolved. In addition, we customarily offer our customers incentives to purchase products to ensure an adequate supply of our products in distribution channels. The principal incentive programs provide reimbursements to distributors for offering promotional pricing for products. We account for estimated incentive payments as a reduction in sales at the time a sale is recognized.

Income Taxes

We account for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740, Income Taxes ("ASC 740"). Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on temporary differences between financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities, applying enacted tax rates expected to be in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. We recognize future tax benefits to the extent that realizing these benefits is considered in our judgment to be more likely than not. For those jurisdictions where the expiration date of tax carryforwards or the projected operating results indicate that realization is not likely, a valuation allowance is provided. We review the realizability of our deferred tax asset valuation allowances on a quarterly basis, or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that a review is required and will adjust our estimate if significant events so dictate. To the extent that the ultimate results differ from our original or adjusted estimates, the effect will be recorded in the provision for income taxes in the period that the matter is finally resolved.

In the ordinary course of business, there is inherent uncertainty in quantifying our income tax positions. We assess our income tax positions and record tax benefits for all years subject to examination based upon management’s evaluation of the facts, circumstances and information available at the reporting date. For those tax positions where it is more likely than not that a tax benefit will be sustained, we have recorded the largest amount of tax benefit with a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement with a taxing authority that has full knowledge of all relevant information. For those income tax positions where it is not more likely than not that a tax benefit will be sustained, no tax benefit has been recognized in the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Employee Benefit Plans

We provide a range of benefit plans to eligible current and former employees. We account for our benefits plans in accordance with ASC 715, Compensation – Retirement Benefits ("ASC 715"), which requires balance sheet recognition of the overfunded or underfunded status of pension plans. The determination of the amounts associated with these benefits is performed by actuaries and dependent on various actuarial assumptions including discount rates, expected return on plan assets, compensation increases, mortality and health care cost trends. Actual results may differ from the actuarial assumptions and are generally recorded in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and amortized into Net income from operations over future periods. We review our actuarial assumptions at each measurement date and make modifications to the assumptions based on current rates and trends, if appropriate.

A change in any of these assumptions would have an effect on net periodic pension and post-retirement benefit costs reported in the Consolidated Financial Statements. The following table summarizes the estimated sensitivity of our 2023 projected benefit obligation and net periodic pension (benefit) cost to a 25 basis point change in the discount rate:
44

Table of Contents

(In millions)Increase in Discount Rate of 25 bpsDecrease in Discount Rate of 25 bps
Projected benefit obligation$(14)$14 
Net periodic pension (benefit) cost$— $— 

Net periodic pension (benefit) cost is also sensitive to changes in the expected return on plan assets. An increase or decrease of 25 basis points in the expected return on plan assets would have decreased or increased 2023 pension expense by approximately $1 million.

Contingent Liabilities

We are involved in various litigation, claims and administrative proceedings, including those related to environmental (including asbestos) and legal matters. In accordance with ASC 450, Contingencies ("ASC 450"), we record accruals for loss contingencies when it is probable that a liability will be incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. These accruals are generally based upon a range of possible outcomes. If no amount within the range is a better estimate than any other, we accrue the minimum amount. In addition, these estimates are reviewed periodically and adjusted to reflect additional information when it becomes available. We are unable to predict the final outcome of these matters based on the information currently available. However, we do not believe that the resolution of any of these matters will have a material adverse effect upon our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition.

As described in Note 23 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities in the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report, contractual, regulatory and other matters, including asbestos claims, may arise in the ordinary course of business that subject us to claims or litigation. We have recorded reserves in the consolidated financial statements related to these matters, which are developed using input derived from actuarial estimates and historical and anticipated experience depending on the nature of the reserve, and in certain instances in consultation with legal counsel, internal and external consultants and engineers. Subject to the uncertainties inherent in estimating future costs for these types of liabilities, we believe our estimated reserves are reasonable and do not believe the final determination of the liabilities with respect to these matters would have a material adverse effect upon our competitive position, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition. See the "Risk Factors" section in this Annual Report for additional information.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 3 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report for a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements and their effect on our financial statements.

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Market Risk and Risk Management

We are exposed to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates and commodity prices which could impact our results of operations and financial condition. There has been no significant change in our exposure to market risk for the year ended December 31, 2023.

Foreign Currency Exposures. We have operations throughout the world that manufacture and sell products in various international markets. As a result, we are exposed to exchange rate movements in relation to our reporting currency, the U.S. dollar. Many of our non-U.S. operations have a functional currency other than the U.S. dollar. Therefore, our reported results will be higher or lower depending on the weakening or strengthening of the U.S. dollar against the respective foreign currency. We actively manage material currency exposures that are associated with purchases and sales and other assets and liabilities at the legal entity level; however, we do not hedge currency translation risk.

In connection with the acquisition of the VCS Business, 80% of the Euro-denominated purchase price was paid in cash to Viessmann on January 2, 2024. As a result, the purchase price was exposed to exchange rate movements in relation to our reporting currency, the U.S. dollar. To mitigate the foreign currency risk of the cash outflow, we entered into window forward contracts. Changes in the fair value of the window forward contracts are reported in Other income (expense), net in the accompanying Consolidated Statement of Operations.
45

Table of Contents


In connection with the TCC acquisition, we entered into cross currency swaps and the Japanese Term Loan Facility to fund the Yen-denominated purchase price. We designated the cross currency swaps and the Japanese Term Loan Facility as a hedge of our investment in certain subsidiaries whose functional currency is the Japanese Yen in order to manage foreign currency translation risk. As a result, changes in the fair value of the cross currency swaps and the carrying value of the Japanese Term Loan Facility associated with foreign exchange rate movements are recorded in Equity in the Consolidated Balance Sheet. To the extent that any hedge is not fully effective at offsetting changes in the underlying hedged item, there could be a net earnings impact.

Commodity Price Exposures. We are exposed to volatility in the prices of commodities used in some of our products and when appropriate, we use fixed price contracts to manage this exposure. In addition, we are exposed to fuel costs to ship our products and materials. We do not have commodity hedge contracts in place at December 31, 2023.

Interest Rate Exposures. Substantially all of our long-term debt has fixed interest rates. As a result, any fluctuation in market interest rates is not expected to have a material effect on our results of operations.




46

Table of Contents

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Shareowners of Carrier Global Corporation

Opinions on the Financial Statements and Internal Control over Financial Reporting

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Carrier Global Corporation and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, and the related consolidated statements of operations, of comprehensive income (loss), of changes in equity and of cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2023, including the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). We also have audited the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2023 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2023, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the COSO.

Basis for Opinions

The Company's management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud, and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.

Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
47

Table of Contents


Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Critical Audit Matters

The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (i) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (ii) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.

Revenue Recognition from Contracts with Customers

As described in Note 13 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company recognized $22,098 million of consolidated revenue for the year ended December 31, 2023. Some of the Company’s contracts with customers contain a single performance obligation, while others contain multiple performance obligations most commonly when a contract spans multiple phases of a product life-cycle such as production, installation, maintenance and support. The Company recognizes revenue when control of a good or service promised in a contract (i.e., performance obligation) is transferred to a customer. Control is obtained when a customer has the ability to direct the use of and obtain substantially all of the remaining benefits from that good or service. A significant portion of the Company's performance obligations are recognized at a point-in-time when control of the product transfers to the customer, which is generally the time of shipment. The remaining portion of the Company's performance obligations are recognized over time as the customer simultaneously obtains control as the Company performs work under a contract, or if the product being produced for the customer has no alternative use and the Company has a contractual right to payment. For over-time performance obligations requiring the installation of equipment, revenue is recognized using costs incurred to date relative to total estimated costs at completion to measure progress. The Company includes variable consideration in the estimated transaction price when there is a basis to reasonably estimate the amount and when it is probable that a significant reversal of revenue recognized would not occur when the uncertainty associated with variable consideration is subsequently resolved. In addition, the Company customarily offers its customers incentives to purchase products to ensure an adequate supply of its products in distribution channels. The principal incentive programs provide reimbursements to distributors for offering promotional pricing for products. The Company accounts for estimated incentive payments as a reduction in sales at the time a sale is recognized.

The principal considerations for our determination that performing procedures relating to revenue recognition from contracts with customers is a critical audit matter are the high degree of audit effort in performing procedures related to revenue recognized on the Company’s point-in-time and over-time contracts with customers.

Addressing the matter involved performing procedures and evaluating audit evidence in connection with forming our overall opinion on the consolidated financial statements. These procedures included testing the effectiveness of controls relating to the revenue recognition process on the Company’s point-in-time and over-time contracts with customers. These procedures also included, among others, (i) evaluating management’s significant accounting policies related to revenue recognition; (ii) testing the appropriateness of the timing and amount of revenue recognized for a sample of point-in-time revenue transactions by obtaining and inspecting source documents, such as contracts with customers, purchase order information, shipping documents, cash receipts, and other documentation; and (iii) evaluating and testing management’s process for determining the total estimated costs at completion for a sample of over-time revenue contracts, which included evaluating the total estimated costs at completion used by management by considering factors that can affect the accuracy of those estimates. Evaluating the total estimated costs at completion for revenue recognized on an over-time basis involved comparing the originally estimated costs and actual costs incurred, including identifying circumstances that may warrant a modification to the total estimated costs to complete.

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

Miami, Florida
February 6, 2024

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2019.
48

Table of Contents

CARRIER GLOBAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

For the Year Ended December 31,
(In millions, except per share amounts)202320222021
Net sales
Product sales $19,563 $18,250 $17,214 
Service sales2,535 2,171 3,399 
22,098 20,421 20,613 
Costs and expenses
Cost of products sold(13,831)(13,337)(12,300)
Cost of services sold(1,884)(1,620)(2,333)
Research and development(617)(539)(503)
Selling, general and administrative(3,297)(2,512)(3,120)
(19,629)(18,008)(18,256)
Equity method investment net earnings211 262 249 
Other income (expense), net(384)1,840 39 
Operating profit2,296 4,515 2,645 
Non-service pension benefit (expense)(1)(4)61 
Interest (expense) income, net(211)(219)(306)
Income from operations before income taxes2,084 4,292 2,400 
Income tax expense(644)(708)(699)
Net income from operations1,440 3,584 1,701 
Less: Non-controlling interest in subsidiaries' earnings from operations91 50 37 
Net income attributable to common shareowners$1,349 $3,534 $1,664 
Earnings per share
Basic$1.61 $4.19 $1.92 
Diluted$1.58 $4.10 $1.87 
Weighted-average number of shares outstanding
Basic837.3 843.4 867.7 
Diluted853.0 861.2 890.3 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Consolidated Financial Statements.

49

Table of Contents

CARRIER GLOBAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

For the Year Ended December 31,
(In millions)202320222021
Net income from operations$1,440 $3,584 $1,701 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Foreign currency translation:
Foreign currency translation adjustments arising during period157 (551)(322)
Less: reclassification adjustments for gain on sale of an investment in a foreign entity recognized in Other income (expense), net  8 
Chubb divestiture (574) 
Foreign currency translation adjustments arising during period157 (1,125)(314)
Pension and post-retirement benefit plans:
Net actuarial gain (loss) arising during period(17)63 53 
Amortization of actuarial (gain) loss and prior service credit1 11 34 
Chubb divestiture 329  
(16)403 87 
Tax (expense) benefit  (3)(17)
Pension and post-retirement benefit plans adjustments arising during period(16)400 70 
Change in unrealized cash flow hedging:
Unrealized cash flow hedging gain (loss) arising during period58   
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax199 (725)(244)
Comprehensive income (loss)1,639 2,859 1,457 
Less: Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest(88)(24)(37)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to common shareowners$1,551 $2,835 $1,420 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the Consolidated Financial Statements.

50

Table of Contents

CARRIER GLOBAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

As of December 31,
(In millions, except share amounts)20232022
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$10,015 $3,520 
Accounts receivable, net2,481 2,833 
Contract assets, current306 537 
Inventories, net2,217 2,640 
Assets held for sale3,314  
Other assets, current447 349 
Total current assets18,780 9,879 
Future income tax benefits739 612 
Fixed assets, net2,293 2,241 
Operating lease right-of-use assets491 642 
Intangible assets, net1,028 1,342 
Goodwill7,989 9,977 
Pension and post-retirement assets32 26 
Equity method investments1,140 1,148 
Other assets330 219 
Total Assets$32,822 $26,086 
Liabilities and Equity
Accounts payable $2,742 $2,833 
Accrued liabilities 2,811 2,610 
Contract liabilities, current425 449 
Liabilities held for sale862  
Current portion of long-term debt51 140 
Total current liabilities6,891 6,032 
Long-term debt14,242 8,702 
Future pension and post-retirement obligations155 349 
Future income tax obligations 535 568 
Operating lease liabilities391 529 
Other long-term liabilities 1,603 1,830 
Total Liabilities23,817 18,010 
Commitments and contingent liabilities (Note 23)
Equity
Common stock, par value $0.01; 4,000,000,000 shares authorized; 883,068,393 and 876,487,480 shares issued; 839,910,275 and 834,664,966 outstanding as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively
9 9 
Treasury stock - 43,490,981 common shares
(1,972)(1,910)
Additional paid-in capital5,535 5,481 
Retained earnings6,591 5,866 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(1,486)(1,688)
Non-controlling interest328